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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch stove and/or Middle Low German stove (compare Dutch stoof), possibly from Proto-Germanic *stubō (room, living room, heated room), or borrowed from Romance. Cognate with Old High German stuba (whence German Stube), Old English stofa (bathroom, bathhouse), stufbæþ (hot-air bath), Old Norse stofa (whence Icelandic stofa (living room), Norwegian stove, Danish and Norwegian stue and Swedish stuga). Doublet of stufa.


stove (plural stoves)

  1. A heater, a closed apparatus to burn fuel for the warming of a room.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      We toted in the wood and got the fire going nice and comfortable. Lord James still set in one of the chairs and Applegate had cabbaged the other and was hugging the stove.
  2. A device for heating food, (UK) a cooker.
  3. (chiefly Britain) A hothouse (heated greenhouse).
    • 1850, M. A. Burnett, Plantae utiliores: or illustrations of useful plants, employed in the arts and medicine, part 8:
      There existed only one specimen of this sacred tree in all Mexico, at least to the knowledge of the Mexicans; [] In spite, however, of the firmest convictions of the indivisibility of this tree — the Manitas, as it is commonly called — it has been propagated by cuttings, some of which are at this moment thriving in some of the larger stoves of our modern collectors.
    • 1854, in The Horticultural Review and Botanical Magazine, volume 4, page 208:
      Let but these facts lie contrasted with the treatment they usually receive in the stoves of this country, and the reason why they never grow to any considerable size, attain to any degree of perfection, or flourish to any extent []
  4. (dated) A house or room artificially warmed or heated.
    • April 1, 1634, Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, letter to the Lord Deputy
      When most of the waiters were commanded away to their supper, the Parlour or Stove being near emptied, in came a Company of Musketeers.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      How tedious is it to them that live in stoves and caves half a year together, as in Iceland, Muscovy, or under the pole!
Derived terms[edit]
  • Japanese: ストーブ (sutōbu)


stove (third-person singular simple present stoves, present participle stoving, simple past and past participle stoved)

  1. (transitive) To heat or dry, as in a stove.
    to stove feathers
    • 1975, William Geoffrey Potter, Uses of Epoxy Resins (page 39)
      The wide use of amine-cured epoxy paints is mostly due to their providing many of the properties of stoved epoxy films from an ambient temperature-cured system.
  2. (transitive) To keep warm, in a house or room, by artificial heat.
    to stove orange trees


Etymology 2[edit]



  1. simple past tense and past participle of stave
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, chapters 7 and 36:
      [A]ye, a stove boat will make me an immortal by brevet.
      "A dead whale or a stove boat!"





  1. (archaic) singular past subjunctive of stuiven
  2. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of stoven

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Old Norse stofa (also stoga and stufa).


stove f (definite singular stova, indefinite plural stover, definite plural stovene)

  1. living room
  2. (dated) cottage small house
    • 1957, Vesaas, Tarjei, Fuglane [The Birds], page 7:
      Syskenparet sat ute på trammen til den skrale stoga der dei budde to-eine.
      The pair of siblings sat out on the porch of the dilapidated cottage in which they lived alone.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]