krāsns

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See also: krāšņs

Latvian[edit]

Degoša krāsns (1)
Krāsns (2)
Stikla krāsns (4)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *krāsnis, derived from the verb krāt (to put aside, to collect) with an extra element or suffix -sn, or perhaps from the dialectal from krāst of this verb (compare dialectal krāsts (oven), originally the past participle of krāst). The original meaning was “collection, stack, pile (of stones)” (compare dialectal krāsne “pile of stones,” “oven”), from which “oven,” at first referring to baths and kilns. Cognates include Lithuanian krósnis.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

krāsns f (6th declension) (dialectal also m, 1st)

  1. stove (closed device for heating)
    ķieģeļu krāsns — brick stove
    degoša krāsns — burning stove
    krāsns svelme, apkurestove glow, heating
    kurināt krāsni — to stoke the stove
    dzīviklis ar krāsns apkuri — apartment with stove heating
  2. oven (closed heated device for baking or roasting food)
    maizes krāsns — bread oven
    cept maizi krāsnī — to bake bread in the oven
    krāsnī sautēti kāpostioven-braised cabbage
    elektriskā krāsns — electric oven
    mikroviļņu krāsns — microwave oven
  3. furnace, boiler (device where fuel is burned to as to obtain heated water, vapor, etc. for further use)
    gāzes krāsns vannas istabām — a gas boiler for bathrooms
  4. oven, furnace, kiln (device for heating material being processed)
    podniecības krāsns — pottery oven, kiln
    stikla krāsns — glass furnace
    domnas krāsns — blast furnace
    ķieģeļu dedzināšanas krāsns — brick burning oven, stove

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “krāsns” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.