krāsns

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See also: krāšņs

Latvian[edit]

Degoša krāsns (1)
Krāsns (2)
Stikla krāsns (4)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *krāsnis, derived from the verb krāt (to put aside, to collect) with an extra element or suffix -sn, or perhaps from the dialectal from krāst of this verb (compare dialectal krāsts (oven), originally the past participle of krāst). The original meaning was “collection, stack, pile (of stones)” (compare dialectal krāsne “pile of stones,” “oven”), from which “oven,” at first referring to baths and kilns. Cognates include Lithuanian krósnis.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

krāsns f (6th declension) (dialectal also m, 1st)

  1. stove (closed device for heating)
    ķieģeļu krāsnsbrick stove
    degoša krāsnsburning stove
    krāsns svelme, apkurestove glow, heating
    kurināt krāsnito stoke the stove
    dzīviklis ar krāsns apkuriapartment with stove heating
  2. oven (closed heated device for baking or roasting food)
    maizes krāsnsbread oven
    cept maizi krāsnīto bake bread in the oven
    krāsnī sautēti kāpostioven-braised cabbage
    elektriskā krāsnselectric oven
    mikroviļņu krāsnsmicrowave oven
  3. furnace, boiler (device where fuel is burned to as to obtain heated water, vapor, etc. for further use)
    gāzes krāsns vannas istabāma gas boiler for bathrooms
  4. oven, furnace, kiln (device for heating material being processed)
    podniecības krāsnspottery oven, kiln
    stikla krāsnsglass furnace
    domnas krāsnsblast furnace
    ķieģeļu dedzināšanas krāsnsbrick burning oven, stove

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “krāsns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7