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See also: faeder and fäder



fæder (plural fæders)

  1. Alternative spelling of faeder
    • 2004, Joop Jukema, Theunis Piersma, “Kleine mannelijke Kemphanen met vrouwelijk broedkleed: bestaat er een derde voortplantingsstrategie, de faar?”, in Limosa, volume 77, Sovon Dutch Centre for Field Ornithology, page 3:
      Linear dimensions (mm) of female, intermediate (fæder) and male Ruffs, respectively, all measured by Joop Jukema. The material on females and males was all collected during the spring migrations of 2002 and 2003. All birds, except one fæder of 1 year old, were adult.
    • 2008, Yvonne I[ngje] Verkuil, Joop Jukema, Jennifer A. Gill, Natalia Karlionova, Johannes Melter, Jos C[orstiaan] E[lbert] W[outer] Hooijmeijer, Theunis Piersma, “Non-breeding fæder Ruffs Philomachus pugnax associate according to sex, not morphology”, in Bird Study, volume 55, number 3, British Trust for Ornithology, →DOI, page 421:
      The fraction of fæders was estimated in five morphometric data sets that were collected over four decades in four different countries in three different seasons (comprising 9133 Ruffs). The regression of fæder–female fractions was tested against the null model assuming that the number of fæders is 1.0% of females.
    • 2010 June, Neil Calbrade, Chas Holt, Graham Austin, Heidi Mellan, Richard Hearn, David Stroud, Simon Wotton, Andy Musgrove, “Waders”, in Waterbirds in the UK 2008/09: The Wetland Bird Survey, Thetford, Norfolk: British Trust for Ornithology, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and Joint Nature Conservation Committee in association with Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust, →ISBN, →ISSN, section “Ruff: Philomachus pugnax”, page 128:
      The survival costs to fæders linked to the use of sub-optimal habitats as a result of competition from their larger counterparts may be compensated by higher breeding success.
    • 2014 October 21, Lucie Emilie Schmaltz, Cédric Juillet, Joost Marius Tinbergen, Yvonne Ingje Verkuil, Joslyn Corstiaan Elbert Wouter Hooijmeijer, Theunis Piersma, “Apparent annual survival of staging ruffs during a period of population decline: insights from sex and site-use related differences”, in Population Ecology, volume 57, Springer, published 2015, →DOI, section “Field methods and data collection”, page 615, column 1:
      As females are a third smaller than males, most birds could easily be assigned a sex, while the fæders, female-mimicking males, were discriminated using wing length (Jukema and Piersma 2006).
    • 2016, Clemens Küpper, “Ruff Shorebird, The”, in Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford, editors, Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science, Springer, →DOI, →ISBN:
      Fæder males travel with females and, like Satellites, they are nonterritorial and nonagonistic.


Middle English[edit]



  1. (Early Middle English) Alternative form of fader

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-West Germanic *fader, from Proto-Germanic *fadēr, from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

Old Germanic cognates: Old Frisian feder, Old Saxon fadar, Old Dutch fader, Old High German fater, Old Norse faðir, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌳𐌰𐍂 (fadar).



fæder m

  1. father

Usage notes[edit]

  • Usually indeclinable in the singular, though fæderes occasionally appears for the genitive.


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]