secundus

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Latin[edit]

Latin ordinal numbers
 <  1st 2nd 3rd  > 
    Cardinal : duo
    Ordinal : secundus
    Adverbial : bis
    Multiplier : duplex
    Distributive : bīnī

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (numeral): IIdus (contraction)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *sekʷontinos, or from sequor (to follow) + -undus.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

secundus m (feminine secunda, neuter secundum); first/second declension

  1. (ordinal) second, the ordinal number after prīmus (first) and before tertius (third)

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative secundus secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda
genitive secundī secundae secundī secundōrum secundārum secundōrum
dative secundō secundō secundīs
accusative secundum secundam secundum secundōs secundās secunda
ablative secundō secundā secundō secundīs
vocative secunde secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

secundus m (feminine secunda, neuter secundum); first/second declension

  1. next, following
  2. second
  3. secondary
  4. subordinate
  5. (nautical) favourable, fair (of weather, seas)
  6. (military) fortunate, lucky, victorious, successful (of battle--secundis proeliis)

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative secundus secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda
genitive secundī secundae secundī secundōrum secundārum secundōrum
dative secundō secundō secundīs
accusative secundum secundam secundum secundōs secundās secunda
ablative secundō secundā secundō secundīs
vocative secunde secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • secundus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • secundus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • SECUNDUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • secundus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have favourable, contrary, winds: ventis secundis, adversis uti
    • to be fortunate, lucky: fortuna secunda uti
    • to be puffed up by success; to be made arrogant by prosperity: rebus secundis efferri
    • the actor who plays the leading part: actor primarum (secundarum, tertiarum) partium
    • the dessert: secunda mensa (Att. 14. 6. 2)
    • to fight successfully: proeliis secundis uti
    • (ambiguous) with the stream; downstream: flumine secundo
  • secundus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • secundus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  1. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., Clarendon Press, 1989.