secundus

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See also: Secundus

Latin[edit]

Latin numbers (edit)
20[a], [b], [c], [d], [e], [f], [g], [h], [i]
 ←  1 II
2
3  → 
    Cardinal: duo
    Ordinal: secundus
    Adverbial: bis
    Multiplier: duplex, duplus
    Distributive: bīnī
    Fractional: dīmidius, sēmis

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *sekʷontinos (literally that follows); equivalent to sequor (to follow) +‎ -undus.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /seˈkun.dus/, [s̠ɛˈkʊn̪d̪ʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /seˈkun.dus/, [seˈkun̪d̪us]
  • (file)

Numeral[edit]

secundus (feminine secunda, neuter secundum); first/second-declension numeral

  1. second, the ordinal number after prīmus (first) and before tertius (third)

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative secundus secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda
Genitive secundī secundae secundī secundōrum secundārum secundōrum
Dative secundō secundō secundīs
Accusative secundum secundam secundum secundōs secundās secunda
Ablative secundō secundā secundō secundīs
Vocative secunde secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

secundus (feminine secunda, neuter secundum, comparative secundior, superlative secundissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. next, following
  2. according to (with object in accusative case)
  3. second
  4. secondary
  5. subordinate
  6. (nautical) favourable, fair (of weather, seas)
  7. (military) fortunate, lucky, victorious, successful (of battle--secundis proeliis)
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 29:
      Errare, si qui in bello omnes secundos rerum proventus exspectent
      If whoever expects every events in the war to be favorable, erred
  8. (poetic) propitious, favorable, fortunate

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative secundus secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda
Genitive secundī secundae secundī secundōrum secundārum secundōrum
Dative secundō secundō secundīs
Accusative secundum secundam secundum secundōs secundās secunda
Ablative secundō secundā secundō secundīs
Vocative secunde secunda secundum secundī secundae secunda

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • secundus”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • secundus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • secundus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • secundus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have favourable, contrary, winds: ventis secundis, adversis uti
    • to be fortunate, lucky: fortuna secunda uti
    • to be puffed up by success; to be made arrogant by prosperity: rebus secundis efferri
    • the actor who plays the leading part: actor primarum (secundarum, tertiarum) partium
    • the dessert: secunda mensa (Att. 14. 6. 2)
    • to fight successfully: proeliis secundis uti
    • (ambiguous) with the stream; downstream: flumine secundo
  • secundus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • secundus”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  1. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., Clarendon Press, 1989.