tertius

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Latin[edit]

Latin numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 III
3
4  → 
    Cardinal: trēs
    Ordinal: tertius
    Adverbial: ter
    Multiplier: triplex, triplus
    Distributive: ternī
    Fractional: triens

Etymology[edit]

From trēs (three), originally from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tertius (feminine tertia, neuter tertium); first/second-declension numeral

  1. third, the ordinal number after secundus (second) and before quārtus (fourth)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In a poetic sense it is used for the Roman "Third World", that is the "Underworld", of Pluto

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative tertius tertia tertium tertiī tertiae tertia
Genitive tertiī tertiae tertiī tertiōrum tertiārum tertiōrum
Dative tertiō tertiō tertiīs
Accusative tertium tertiam tertium tertiōs tertiās tertia
Ablative tertiō tertiā tertiō tertiīs
Vocative tertie tertia tertium tertiī tertiae tertia

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • French: tiers
  • Galician: terzo
  • Italian: terzo
  • Ladin: terz
  • Portuguese: terço, tércio

References[edit]

  • tertius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tertius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tertius in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • tertius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • it is the third hour (= 9 A.M.: tertia hora est
    • I am in my thirteenth year: tertium decimum annum ago
    • to be middle-aged (i.e. between thirty and forty): tertiam iam aetatem videre
    • to admit another into the circle of one's intimates: aliquem (tertium) ad (in) amicitiam ascribere
    • the actor who plays the leading part: actor primarum (secundarum, tertiarum) partium
    • consul for the second, third time: iterum, tertium consul