bél

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Franco-Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bellus.

Adjective[edit]

bél m (feminine singular bèla, masculine plural biôs or béls, feminine plural bèles)

  1. beautiful

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic 𐰋𐰃𐰠(b²il² /bél/, waist).[1] Alternatively, perhaps from Proto-Uralic *pälɜ (interior, inside).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbeːl]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːl

Noun[edit]

bél (plural belek)

  1. (anatomy) intestine, bowel
  2. kernel (of nut)
  3. flesh, pulp (fruit)
  4. the soft part of bread
  5. wick (candle)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative bél belek
accusative belet beleket
dative bélnek beleknek
instrumental béllel belekkel
causal-final bélért belekért
translative béllé belekké
terminative bélig belekig
essive-formal bélként belekként
essive-modal
inessive bélben belekben
superessive belen beleken
adessive bélnél beleknél
illative bélbe belekbe
sublative bélre belekre
allative bélhez belekhez
elative bélből belekből
delative bélről belekről
ablative béltől belektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
bélé beleké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
béléi belekéi
Possessive forms of bél
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. belem beleim
2nd person sing. beled beleid
3rd person sing. bele belei
1st person plural belünk beleink
2nd person plural beletek beleitek
3rd person plural belük beleik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Entry #724 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive

Further reading[edit]

  • bél in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • bél in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *wewlos.[1] Compare Welsh gwefl (animal lip), Cornish gwevel.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bél m (genitive béoil or béuil, nominative plural béoil or béuil)

  1. lip
  2. (sometimes in the plural) mouth
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 14c23
      co beid .i. co mbed a ndéde sin im labrad-sa .i. gáu et fír .i. combad sain a n‑as·berin ó bélib et aní imme·rádin ó chridiu
      so that there may be, i.e. so that those two things might be in my speaking, namely false and true, i.e. so that what I might say with [my] mouth and what I might think with [my] heart might be different
  3. opening

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bél bélL béoilL, béuil
Vocative béoil, béuil bélL béoluH
Accusative bélN bélL béoluH
Genitive béoilL, béuil bél bélN
Dative bélL bélaib, bélib bélaib, bélib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: béal, beola
  • Manx: beeal
  • Scottish Gaelic: beul

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bél bél
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbél
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 419