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From Late Latin bōlus (“clod of earth, lump”), plural bōlī, from Ancient Greek βῶλος (bôlos, “clod, lump”). Doublet of bole.
bolus (plural boli or boluses)
- A round mass of something, especially of chewed food in the mouth or alimentary canal.
- A single, large dose of a drug, especially one in that form.
- 1863, Sheridan Le Fanu, The House by the Churchyard:
- I gave him a bolus, twice the size of a gooseberry.
round mass of food
bolus (third-person singular simple present boluses, present participle bolusing, simple past and past participle bolused)
- (transitive) To administer (a drug) in bolus dosing, that is, dosing in (one or more) boluses.
- (intransitive) To take a bolus (dose) of insulin at a mealtime in order to control one's blood glucose level in diabetes.
- Coordinate term: prebolus
Generally regarded as borrowed from Yiddish [Term?], from Ladino [Term?], from Spanish bollo or bola.
bolus m (plural bolussen, diminutive bolusje n)
- A sweet, soft pastry containing cinnamon from Zeeland, originating from European Jewish cuisine.
- (colloquial, Netherlands, by extension) A turd, a pat.
- bole (dated)
Borrowed from Latin bōlus, from Ancient Greek βῶλος (bôlos).
bolus m or f (plural bolussen)
- conditional of boli
Borrowed from Ancient Greek βόλος (bólos).
bolus m (genitive bolī); second declension
- A throw (of the dice); a cast (of a fishing net)
- A gain, profit, or advantage
- “bolus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- “bolus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
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