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From Middle English agger (heap; pile), from Latin agger (rubble; mound; rampart), from ad- + gerere (to carry, to bring).



agger (plural aggers)

  1. A high tide in which the water rises to a given level, recedes, and then rises again.
  2. A low tide in which the water recedes to a given level, rises, and then recedes again.
  3. (historical) In ancient Roman construction, an earthwork; a mound or raised work.

Related terms[edit]




If not directly from aggerō, from its root.



agger m (genitive aggeris); third declension

  1. rampart, bulwark (or the materials used to make one)
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 22:
      Eruptionibus [...] aggeri ignem inferebant
      By sorties they set fire to the ramparts
  2. causeway, pier, dam, dyke


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative agger aggerēs
Genitive aggeris aggerum
Dative aggerī aggeribus
Accusative aggerem aggerēs
Ablative aggere aggeribus
Vocative agger aggerēs

Derived terms[edit]


  • Italian: argine
  • Piedmontese: àrgin
  • Spanish: arce, arcén
  • Venetian: àrzare, àrxen


  • agger in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • agger in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • agger in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to fortify the camp with a rampart: castra munire vallo (aggere)
  • agger in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • agger in Samuel Ball Platner (1929), Thomas Ashby, editor, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, London: Oxford University Press
  • agger in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin