causeway

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English[edit]

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Giant's Causeway, a natural geological formation in North-eastern Ireland
Causeway in Galway county, Western Ireland. The loosely packed stonework lets water through to prevent flooding
Causeway to Sanibel, Florida, US

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English cauceweye, with the first element from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French caucee or caucie, cauchie (route, highway), from Vulgar Latin *calciāta (compare modern French chaussée from Old French chaucie, itself from the same source), either from Latin calx, calcis ("limestone"), or alternatively from Latin calciāre (to stamp with the heels, tread), from calx (heel). The second element corresponds to English way.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

causeway (plural causeways)

  1. A road that is raised, so as to be above water, marshland, and similar low-lying obstacles. Originally causeways were much like dykes, generally pierced to let water through, whereas many modern causeways are more like bridges or viaducts.
    • Account of the Old Bridge at Stratford-le-Bow in Essex from Alfred Burges, Esq. addressed to Sir Henry Ellis [1] 1836
      . . .the passage over the water of the Luye at Stratford atte Bowe, anciently used to be in a certain place which is called the Old Forde, which is distant from the place where the bridges and causeway now are nearly one mile, at which passage many persons passing over it at divers times were drowned, and in great danger, and when after so much danger came to the knowledge of Lady Matilda, Queen of England, consort of Lord King Henry the First, she thereupon being moved with pity, sent for inquiry to be made where the bridges and causeway better and more advantageously might be made for the utility and easement of the county and those passing, and which being done, the same Queen caused to be built two bridges of stone, (to wit) one bridge over the water of Luye, at the end of the town of Stratford atte Bowe, and the other over another channel of the same waters towards Essex, which is called Channelsebridge, and also one causeway to be made between the same bridges, so that persons passing by well and securely might pass. And because the same Queen willed that the bridges and causeway aforesaid, so of her free alms made, from thenceforth for ever should be supported and repaired, she purchased certain lands, rents, meadows, and one water mill, which is called Wiggen Mill, and appointed and ordained the same for the support and repair of the bridges and causeway aforesaid.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

causeway (third-person singular simple present causeways, present participle causewaying, simple past and past participle causewayed)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To pave, to cobble.
    • 1873, The Scottish Jurist[2], volume 45, Alexander Dennistoun and Others, Pursuers, v. John Thomson, Defender:
      In thus limiting his judgment, I understand that he has not pronounced any opinion in regard to the formation and causewaying of streets []
    • 1878 December 13, The British Architect: A Journal of Architecture and the Accessory Arts[3], volume 10, number 24, page 235:
      The Glasgow Town Council decided at their last meeting to causeway the following streets at the respective costs given []
    • 1879, “The Kinning Park proprietors v. the police commissioners of Kinning Park.”, in The Journal of Jurisprudence[4], volume 23, page 556:
      There had been a previous partial allocation, but the final allocation was made in 1875; and the whole sums payable by the owners of the streets for paving and causewaying them, as resolved upon by the Commissioners, have been duly paid.