得る

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(uncommon)

From Old Japanese. First attested in the Man'yōshū of 759.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "得る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
得る [éꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 得ろ [éꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 得られる られ [èráréꜜrù]
Causative 得させる させ [èsáséꜜrù]
Potential 得る [éꜜrù]
Volitional 得よう [èyóꜜò]
Negative 得ない ない [éꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 得なかった なかった [éꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 得ます [èmáꜜsù]
Perfective 得た [éꜜtà]
Conjunctive 得て [éꜜtè]
Hypothetical conditional 得れば れば [éꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

() (erutransitive ichidan (stem () (e), past () (eta))

  1. [from 759] to get, acquire, gain, obtain, win, catch
  2. [from 1073] (following a verb in the attributive conjugation plus particle (o) or abstract noun (koto, fact, instance, occurrence)) to be able to, can (compare English get to do)
  3. [from 1073] (by extension; in the form ざるを()ない (-zaru o enai) following the imperfective form of a verb) cannot help but doing, cannot but do

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Suffix[edit]

() (-uru

  1. [from 759] to be able to, -able
    出来(でき)()(かぎ)吾輩(わがはい)()れてくれた主人(しゅじん)(そば)いる(こと)つとめた
    Dekiuru kagiri wagahai o irete kureta shujin no soba ni iru koto o tsutometa.
    I tried to be at the side of the master who let me in as much as possible.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 得・獲”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN