自主

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Chinese[edit]

 
from; self; oneself
from; self; oneself; since
 
to own; to host; master
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
simp. and trad.
(自主)

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

自主

  1. to take the initiative; to act autonomously; to have self-determination
    自主創業自主创业  ―  zìzhǔ chuàngyè  ―  self-employment

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (自主):
  • Japanese: 自主(じしゅ) (jishu)
  • Korean: 자주(自主) (jaju)
  • Vietnamese: tự chủ (自主)

Adjective[edit]

自主

  1. (medicine, attributive) autonomic

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
しゅ
Grade: 3
goon kan’on

Etymology[edit]

Appeared in 英和対訳袖珍辞書 (A Pocket Dictionary of the English and Japanese Language) of 1862.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(しゅ) (jishu

  1. autonomy, independence
    Synonyms: 自立 (jiritsu), 独立 (dokuritsu)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 自主”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ Hori, Tatsunosuke (1862) 英和対訳袖珍辞書[2], Edo: Yōsho Shirabesho, page 315
  3. ^ Kyōsuke Kindaichi, Tadao Yamada, Takeshi Shibata, Kenji Sakai, Yasuo Kuramochi, and Akio Yamada, editors (1997) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

自主 (jaju) (hangeul 자주)

  1. Hanja form? of 자주 (independence; autonomy).

Vietnamese[edit]

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Verb[edit]

自主

  1. chữ Hán form of tự chủ (to be in possession of oneself; to self-control).

Adjective[edit]

自主

  1. chữ Hán form of tự chủ (independent; self-supporting).