江西

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Chinese[edit]

river west
simp. and trad.
(江西)
西
anagram 西江
Literally: “west of the river”.

Etymology[edit]

Jiangxi
Named after Jiangnanxi Circuit (江南西道) in Tang dynasty; literally west of Jiangnan (a region to the south of Yangtze River)
region to the north of Yangtze River
So named as the river flows northeast in much part of modern Anhui (especially Wuhu, which is an important crossing), and the north of Yangtze River also lies the west.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (16)
Final () (9) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠʌŋ/ /sei/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚɔŋ/ /sei/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔŋ/ /sɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwŋ/ /sɛj/
Li
Rong
/kɔŋ/ /sei/
Wang
Li
/kɔŋ/ /siei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔŋ/ /siei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 西 西
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwng › ‹ sej › ‹ sej ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤroŋ/ /*s-nˤər/ /*s-nˤər/
English (Yangzi) river west west

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3995 13236
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
西
Old
Chinese
/*kroːŋ/ /*sɯːl/

Proper noun[edit]

江西

  1. () Jiangxi (a province of China)
  2. (historical) region to the north of Yangtze River; sometimes includes the Central Plains (as oppose to 江東江东 (Jiāngdōng)).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
西
こう
Grade: S
せい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

江西 (hiragana こうせい, rōmaji Kōsei)

  1. Jiangxi