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A cognate is found in Eastern Cham peng (“to obey”) (Shin'e & Sakaya, 2014), which might be a rather late Vietnamese loan as suggested by its monosyllabic shape.
- (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [vəŋ˧˧]
- (Huế) IPA(key): [vəŋ˧˧]
- (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [vəŋ˧˧] ~ [jəŋ˧˧]
Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City) (file)
- (Northern Vietnam, polite) yes