国境

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Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 國境 (“border”).
(This term, 国境, is the simplified form of 國境.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こく > こっ
Grade: 2
きょう
Grade: 5
on’yomi goon
Alternative spelling
國境 (kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese 國境 (MC kwək̚ kˠiæŋX). First attested in a portion of the Shoku Nihongi dated to 706.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こっ)(きょう) (kokkyōこくきやう (kokukyau)? (kyūjitai 國境)

  1. [from 706] a national border or frontier (part of a country that fronts or faces another country or an unsettled region)
    Synonyms: 国界 (kokkai), 国境 (kunizakai)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
くに
Grade: 2
さかい > ざかい
Grade: 5
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
國境 (kyūjitai)
国界

Compound of (kuni, province; country) +‎ (sakai, border). The sakai changes to zakai as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

First attested in 1660.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(くに)(ざかい) (kunizakaiくにざかひ (kunizakafi)?

  1. [from 1660] a national or provincial border or frontier
    信濃(しなの)武蔵(むさし)国境(くにざかい)
    Shinano to Musashi no kunizakai ni
    on the border between Shinano and Musashi
    Synonyms: 国境 (kokkyō), 国界 (kokkai)
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is usually restricted to the context of historical Japanese geography.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN