先王

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Chinese[edit]

 
early; prior; former
early; prior; former; in advance; first
king; Wang (proper name)
simp. and trad.
(先王)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/2
Initial () (16) (35)
Final () (85) (106)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sen/ /ɦʉɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/sen/ /ɦʷiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛn/ /ɣiuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛn/ /ɦuaŋ/
Li
Rong
/sen/ /ɣiuaŋ/
Wang
Li
/sien/ /ɣĭwaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sien/ /iwaŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiān wáng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sin1 wong4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiān wáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sen › ‹ hjwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*sˁər/ /*ɢʷaŋ/
English first king

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/2
No. 13458 12742
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɯːn/ /*ɢʷaŋ/

Noun[edit]

先王

  1. (literary or historical) the ancient kings
  2. (literary or historical) previous king; deceased king

Synonyms[edit]

  • (the ancient kings): 故君 (gùjūn)
  • (previous king): 故君 (gùjūn)