治國

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Chinese[edit]

 
to rule; to govern; to manage
to rule; to govern; to manage; to control; to harness (a river); cure; treatment; to heal
country; state; nation
trad. (治國)
simp. (治国)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Initial () (11) (11) (11) (28)
Final () (19) (17) (19) (132)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Closed
Division () III Chongniu III III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨ/ /ɖˠiɪH/ /ɖɨH/ /kwək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɨ/ /ɖᵚiH/ /ɖɨH/ /kʷək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡie/ /ȡiɪH/ /ȡieH/ /kuək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨ/ /ɖjiH/ /ɖɨH/ /kwək̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡiə/ /ȡjiH/ /ȡiəH/ /kuək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭə/ /ȡiH/ /ȡĭəH/ /kuək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi/ /ȡʱiH/ /ȡʱiH/ /kwək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí zhì zhì guo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ci4 zi6 zi6 gwak1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chí zhì guó
Middle
Chinese
‹ dri › ‹ driH › ‹ kwok ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.lrə/ /*lrə-s/ /*[C.q]ʷˁək/
English regulate, arrange regulate, arrange state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
No. 12288 12289 12302 5547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯ/ /*l'ɯs/ /*l'is/ /*kʷɯːɡ/

Verb[edit]

治國

  1. to govern a state; to run a country; to administer state affairs
    依法治國 / 依法治国  ―  yīfǎ zhìguó  ―  law-based governance
    格物致知誠意正心修身齊家治國平天下 [MSC, trad.]
    格物致知诚意正心修身齐家治国平天下 [MSC, simp.]
    Géwù, zhìzhī, chéngyì, zhèngxīn, xiūshēn, qíjiā, zhìguó, píngtiānxià. [Pinyin]
    Investigate the nature of things, pursue knowledge, act in good faith, rectify one's mind, cultivate one's moral character, manage one's household, administer state affairs and bring peace to the nation.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]