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U+75DE, 痞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-75DE

[U+75DD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+75DF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 104 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 大一火口 (KMFR), four-corner 00169, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 774, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22206
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1184, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2674, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+75DE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰlɯː, *pʰɯ, *pʰlɯː
*pʰɯːʔ
*prɯʔ
*prɯʔ, *brɯʔ, *pɯʔ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ, *pʰrɯʔ, *pʰɯ, *pʰɯʔ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ
*pʰrɯ, *brɯ
*pʰrɯ, *brɯ
*pʰrɯʔ
*brɯ
*brɯ
*brɯʔ, *pɯʔ
*bɯ, *pʰlɯː
*pɯ, *pɯʔ, *pɯ'
*pɯ, *pʰɯ, *pʰɯʔ
*pɯ, *pɯʔ
*pʰɯ, *pʰlɯː
*bɯ
*bɯ
*plɯː
*plɯː
*pɯː
*pʰɯː
*pʰɯː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *prɯʔ, *brɯʔ, *pɯʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *brɯʔ, *pɯʔ).

Etymology 1[edit]

"Protuberance"? > "enlargement of an abdominal organ; pain due to splenomegaly" > "[dialectal] abdominal tumour".

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (1) (3) (1)
Final () (17) (17) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiɪX/ /bˠiɪX/ /pɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚiX/ /bᵚiX/ /piuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/piɪX/ /biɪX/ /piəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pjiX/ /bjiX/ /puwX/
Li
Rong
/pjiX/ /bjiX/ /piuX/
Wang
Li
/piX/ /biX/ /pĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piX/ /bʱiX/ /pi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fǒu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 1006 1023 1031
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prɯʔ/ /*brɯʔ/ /*pɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. enlargement or lump in the abdomen; in particular, splenomegaly or hepatomegaly
  2. (traditional Chinese medicine) stuffiness, fullness and discomfort in the epigastrium; dyspepsia or constipation
  3. (dialectal Mandarin) abdominal tumour
  4. (Min Dong, Min Nan) scab; healed wound
  5. (Min Nan) scurf; flakes on the skin surface
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

"Bad" > "obscene; ferocious; rascal". Its use is most prominent in dialects of Hubei and Hunan, and possibly originates from the ancient dialectal pronunciation of (“bad, evil, bandit”), same as Min Nan (phái(ⁿ), “bad”).

It may be the origin of some uses of (), for example 調皮 (“naughty”), 賴皮 (“shameless”) and 頑皮 (“naughty”).

The Cantonese pronunciation is probably due to confusion with (mau1, “to squat”), as this word is not native to Cantonese.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • pī - "rascal";
  • pāi () - "low, mean, shabby, seedy, obscene, shameful".

Definitions[edit]

  1. rascal; scoundrel
  2. (dialectal) to act perversely; to behave like a hoodlum
  3. (dialectal) to act shamelessly; to violate rules
  4. (dialectal) frivolous; slippery
  5. (dialectal) obscene; indecent; vulgar
  6. (dialectal) ferocious; fierce
  7. (dialectal) bad; evil
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.