acımak

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Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish آجيمق ‎(acımak), from Proto-Turkic *hāçı-, *iāčɨ- ‎(to become bitter, sour).

Cognate with Karakhanid [script needed] ‎(açı-, to sour, hurt),[1] Azeri acımaq ‎(turn rancid), Kyrgyz ачуу ‎(açuu, to turn sour), Tuvan ажыыр ‎(ažıır, to spoil), Yakut аһый ‎(ahıy, to go sour).

Verb[edit]

acımak ‎(third-person singular simple present acır)

  1. (intransitive) to become bitter, turn rancid
  2. (intransitive) to ache, to be in pain, to hurt
    Geçirdiğim trafik kazasından beri kolum çok acıyor.‎ ― My arm hurts so much ever since the traffic accident I had.

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Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish آجيمق ‎(acımak), from Proto-Turkic *ačɨ- ‎(to pity, have compassion). According to Starostin in modern languages the root tends to be confused with *iāčɨ- 'bitter, bitterness' (see Etymology 1), thus the Oghuz voicing may be a result of secondary contamination and not due to original vowel length.[2]

Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] ‎(açıɣ, precious gift), [script needed] ‎(açın-, to tend, be favourable), Azeri acımaq ‎(to sympathize), Yakut аһын ‎(ahın, to feel sorry for).

Verb[edit]

acımak ‎(third-person singular simple present acır)

  1. (intransitive, with dative case) to pity, feel pity and compassion for
    Gördüğümüz dilenciye gerçekten acıdım.‎ ― I really felt pity for the beggar we saw.
  2. (intransitive, with dative case) to be unable to give up (something); to feel sorrow for, regret

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Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2015-01-29), “acı-”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  2. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*ačɨ-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill