schmerzen

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See also: Schmerzen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German schmerzen, from Old High German smerzan, from Proto-Germanic *smertaną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)merd- (to bite, sting). Cognate with Dutch smarten, English smart, Low German smerten, Danish smerte, Swedish smärta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

schmerzen (third-person singular simple present schmerzt, past tense schmerzte, past participle geschmerzt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to cause pain, to be painful, to ache or hurt

Usage notes[edit]

Although both schmerzen and verletzen are sometimes glossed as to hurt, schmerzen is more specific to pain, while verletzen carries additional connotations of to injure or to wound.

Conjugation[edit]

(But please keep in mind that „ich schmerze“ and „du schmerzt“ do not exist and do not make sense; at most: „Dein Schicksal schmerzt mich“ = “Your fate aches me / causes me pain”.)

Further reading[edit]