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Unknown. Saarikivi postulates a borrowing from Russian ла́вка (lávka), where the meaning would have originally referred to wandering traders (laukkuryssä), with later semantic shift through the bags they carried.[1]


  • IPA(key): /ˈlɑu̯kːu/, [ˈlɑu̯kːu]
  • Rhymes: -ɑukːu
  • Syllabification: lauk‧ku



  1. bag (soft)
  2. case (hard)

Usage notes[edit]

The Finnish words kassi, laukku, pussi, and säkki can all be translated into English as "bag". Even though there are no clear-cut distinctions between them, they refer to different kinds of bags, and usually only one of them is used for certain kinds of bags, e.g. ostoskassi (shopping bag), hedelmäpussi (plastic bag for fruits and vegetables), viljasäkki (bag of grain), and matkalaukku (suitcase).

Both kassi and laukku refer to bags used to carry personal items, and such bags therefore normally have a handle, whereas a pussi and a säkki usually don't. A kassi is made of textile, plastic, paper, or other soft material whereas a laukku is made of stiffer and heavier (leather, strong textile), even hard material, as long as its main purpose remains the same. In English, one would use the word "case" or, more commonly, compound nouns such as "briefcase" for this kind of laukku. A pussi or a säkki is normally a bag used for packaging and storage, the main difference between them being the size, and secondarily, the heaviness of the material used. A säkki is larger and is usually called a "sack" in English.


Inflection of laukku (Kotus type 1/valo, kk-k gradation)
nominative laukku laukut
genitive laukun laukkujen
partitive laukkua laukkuja
illative laukkuun laukkuihin
singular plural
nominative laukku laukut
accusative nom. laukku laukut
gen. laukun
genitive laukun laukkujen
partitive laukkua laukkuja
inessive laukussa laukuissa
elative laukusta laukuista
illative laukkuun laukkuihin
adessive laukulla laukuilla
ablative laukulta laukuilta
allative laukulle laukuille
essive laukkuna laukkuina
translative laukuksi laukuiksi
instructive laukuin
abessive laukutta laukuitta
comitative laukkuineen
Possessive forms of laukku (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person laukkuni laukkumme
2nd person laukkusi laukkunne
3rd person laukkunsa

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Saarikivi, Janne. Itämerensuomalais-slaavilaisten kontaktien tutkimuksen nykytilasta. Mémoires de la Société Finno-Ougrienne 258. Helsinki 2009.


Etymology 1[edit]

Akin to Finnish laukka.



  1. onion

Etymology 2[edit]

Akin to Veps lauk.



  1. shop