- rampaunt (obsolete)
From Middle English rampand, rampend, present participle of rampen (“to rise by climbing, shoot up, sprout, sty, ascend”), from Old French ramper (“to creep, climb”) (see below), equivalent to ramp + -and or ramp + -ant. Recorded since 1382, "standing on the hind legs" (as in heraldry), later, "fierce, ravenous" (1387). Compare Scots rampand (“rampant”).
Alternatively from Middle English *rampant, from Old French rampant, the present participle of ramper (“to creep, climb”), equivalent to ramp + -ant. Old French ramper derives from Frankish *rampōn, *hrampōn (“to hook, grapple, climb”), from *rampa, *hrampa (“hook, claw, talon”), from Proto-Germanic *hrempaną (“to curve, shrivel, shrink, wrinkle”).
- (originally) Rearing on both hind legs with the forelegs extended.
- The Vienna riding school displays splendid rampant movement.
- (heraldry) Rearing up, especially on its hind leg(s), with a foreleg raised and in profile.
- 1846, Edgar Allan Poe, The Cask of Amontillado:
- ‘I forget your coat of arms.’
‘A human foot d’or, in a field azure; the foot crushes a serpent rampant whose fangs are imbedded in the heel.’
- 1892, Thomas Hardy, The Well-Beloved:
- little pieces of moustache on his upper lip, like a pair of minnows rampant
- (architecture) Tilted, said of an arch with one side higher than the other, or a vault whose two abutments are located on an inclined plane.
- Unrestrained or unchecked, usually in a negative manner.
- Weeds are rampant in any neglected garden.
- 2012 March, William E. Carter, Merri Sue Carter, “The British Longitude Act Reconsidered”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 87:
- Conditions were horrendous aboard most British naval vessels at the time. Scurvy and other diseases ran rampant, killing more seamen each year than all other causes combined, including combat.
- Rife, or occurring widely, frequently or menacingly.
- There was rampant corruption in the city.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- “rampant”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “rampant”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- “rampant”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
- (heraldry) rampant
- (architecture) tilted
- humbly inclined
- (botany) extending over the ground rather than climbing upward
- (literature) base; common
- (military) stranded on the ground as opposed to flying staff
- “rampant”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
rampant m (oblique and nominative feminine singular rampant or rampante)