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See also: štom and -stóm




From Middle Dutch stom, from Old Dutch stum, from Proto-Germanic *stummaz. Cognate with German stumm, Old Saxon stum.


stom ‎(comparative stommer, superlative stomst)

  1. mute, unable to speak, as medical condition or species-determined
  2. speechless; soundless, silent
    De bengel bleef eerst stom toen pa vroeg waar hij die porno vandaan had, maar grote broer, de dader, hoorde sidderend dat de riem niet stom bleef...
    De rascal remained mute at first when dad asked where he had got that porn from, but big brother, the culprit, shivered to hear the belt did not remain silent...
    stomme films
    silent movies
  3. wordless, non-verbal
    Spotprenten leveren vaak stomme kritiek
    Cartoons often constitute non-verbal criticsm
  4. mentally dulling, soul-killing
  5. stupid, dumb
  6. foolish, senseless, piteous
  7. in compouds essentially reinforcing the sense

Usage notes[edit]

The use of ‘stom’ for ‘stupid’ is depreciated by the deaf community, since it is the proper word for ‘mute’ in the sense of people who cannot speak. It is, however, no less common usage, analogous to the use of dumb in English.


Inflection of stom
uninflected stom
inflected stomme
comparative stommer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial stom stommer het stomst
het stomste
indefinite m./f. sing. stomme stommere stomste
n. sing. stom stommer stomste
plural stomme stommere stomste
definite stomme stommere stomste
partitive stoms stommers


Derived terms[edit]


  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]



stom ‎(uncountable stoms)

  1. weather