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- (obsolete) Unfermented grape juice; must.
- (obsolete) Wine revived by new fermentation, resulting from the admixture of must.
- 1859, The family manual and servants' guide, 9 edition:
- To each hogshead of genuine Bordeaux wine, there are four gallons of Benicarlo, half a gallon of stum wine, and a small quantity of Hermitage added, which mixture undergoes a slight fermentation, and is then exported under the name of claret.
- 1987, André Bustanoby, The Wrath of Grapes: Drinking and the Church Divided, →ISBN, page 36:
- But stum wine was not intended for drinking.
- (transitive, obsolete) To ferment.
- (transitive, obsolete) To renew (wine etc.) by mixing must with it and raising a new fermentation.
- We stum our wines to renew their spirits.
- (transitive, obsolete) To fume, as a cask of liquor, with burning sulphur.
- 1789, “Cultivation of the Vine”, in Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, volume 1:
- Since I have taken this method with cyder, it has proved more like wine than common drink, but then I racked it off a second and a third time, as soon as it appeared fine, and then stummed the cask that received it the lasttime […]
- ^ T. R. Nash disputed the sense, noting "Dr. Johnson, in his Dictionary, has quoted these lines to prove that stum may signify wine revived by a new fermentation, but, perhaps, it means no more than figuratively to say that the rememberance of the widow's charms could turn bad wine into good, foul muddy wine, into clear sparkling champaigne."
- mute, not possessing the ability of speech
- temporarily unable to speak due to strong emotion
- not involving speech
- De så ikke min stumme bøn.
- They did not see my silent plea.
- mute; unable to speak