rugby

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Rugby

English[edit]

A game of rugby (sense 1.2) being played between King’s College London and University College London in 2014.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the name of Rugby School in Rugby, in Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom, where the modern game was developed in the 19th century.[1] The place name Rugby is attested in the Domesday Book as Old English Rocheberie (probably equivalent to rook (Corvus frugilegus, a bird of the crow family) +‎ -by (suffix indicating a village or town)), possibly from *Hrōcebyriġ, dative singular of *Hrōceburh, from hrōc (rook) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ker- (to crow)) + burh, burg (castle, fort, stronghold; city; town) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (hill, mountain; high, lofty; to rise)).

Noun[edit]

rugby (countable and uncountable, plural rugbies)

  1. (usually uncountable, sports)
    1. A form of football in which players can hold or kick an ovoid ball; rugby football. The ball cannot be handled forwards and points are scored by touching the ball to the ground in the area past the opponent's territory or by kicking the ball between goalposts and over a crossbar.
      Synonym: rugger
      The scrum is a distinctive element of rugby.
      The two rugbies split following a debate about amateurism.
    2. (specifically) The form of the game known as rugby union (see the usage note).
  2. (countable) Ellipsis of rugby shirt (a shirt of the kind worn by rugby players, usually short-sleeved and with a buttoned opening at the neck like a polo shirt, but with a stiffer collar)
    • 2003, B. Lawson Thornton, Misery Loves Company: The Diary of Kerri Mitchell, East River Press, →ISBN:
      I don't know why, but for some reason people who work undercover for department store security always wear rugbies and khakis.
    • 2007, Adam Mansbach, Angry Black White Boy: [], Crown, →ISBN, page 69:
      Jansports and cargo pants were everywhere, set off with overstated polos, rugbies, and sweatshirts blaring the logos of hip hop designers.
    • 2015, Tony Jackson, From the Streets to the Sheets, Page Publishing, →ISBN:
      I bought three jogging suits, a pair of Polo sneakers, and two rugbies.
Usage notes[edit]

The word rugby when used without any modifying word is commonly used to refer specifically to the game of rugby union – for example, the Rugby World Cup is a rugby union tournament. Referring to rugby league simply as rugby is less common, except in countries where that is the predominant version of rugby football played.

A major difference between rugby and football (association football or soccer) is that in the latter sport players apart from the goalkeeper are not permitted to handle the ball.

Alternative forms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rugby (third-person singular simple present rugbies, present participle rugbying, simple past and past participle rugbied)

  1. (intransitive) To play rugby.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Cebuano rugby, from English Rugby, a brand of rubber cement by Bostik.

Noun[edit]

rugby (plural rugbys)

  1. (Philippines) Rubber cement, contact cement.

References[edit]

  1. ^ rugby, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2019; “rugby1, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further reading[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby.

Noun[edit]

rugby (uncountable)

  1. (sports) rugby

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Rugby, (a brand of rubber cement by Bostik).

Noun[edit]

rugby

  1. rubber cement, contact cement
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby.

Noun[edit]

rugby

  1. the sport of rugby

Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby (sport).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈraɡbɪ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: rug‧by

Noun[edit]

rugby n (indeclinable)

  1. rugby [20th c.]
    • 2006, Luboš Jeřábek (transl.), Fotbal – velký lexikon[1], Praha: Grada Publishing, translation of Fussball-Lexikon by Bernd Rohr and Günter Simon, →ISBN, page 10:
      Ve škole v Rugby zakládá W. W. Ellis hru rugby (zvanou také rugbyfotbal, na rozdíl od pozdějšího asociačního fotbalu), při které je dovoleno hrát i rukama.
      W. W. Ellis invents a game called rugby (or rugby football, in contrast to later founded association football), in which it is allowed to play with hands, at a school in Rugby.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • rugby in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • rugby in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrʏx.bi/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: rug‧by

Noun[edit]

rugby n (uncountable)

  1. rugby (sport)

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑɡbi/, [ˈrɑɡbi]
  • IPA(key): /ˈruɡby/, [ˈruɡby]
  • Syllabification: rug‧by

Noun[edit]

rugby

  1. (sports) rugby

Declension[edit]

Inflection of rugby (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative rugby rugbyt
genitive rugbyn rugbyjen
partitive rugbya rugbyja
illative rugbyyn rugbyihin
singular plural
nominative rugby rugbyt
accusative nom. rugby rugbyt
gen. rugbyn
genitive rugbyn rugbyjen
partitive rugbya rugbyja
inessive rugbyssa rugbyissa
elative rugbysta rugbyista
illative rugbyyn rugbyihin
adessive rugbylla rugbyilla
ablative rugbylta rugbyilta
allative rugbylle rugbyille
essive rugbyna rugbyina
translative rugbyksi rugbyiksi
instructive rugbyin
abessive rugbytta rugbyitta
comitative rugbyineen
Possessive forms of rugby (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person rugbyni rugbymme
2nd person rugbysi rugbynne
3rd person rugbynsa
Inflection of rugby (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative rugby rugbyt
genitive rugbyn rugbyjen
partitive rugbyä rugbyjä
illative rugbyyn rugbyihin
singular plural
nominative rugby rugbyt
accusative nom. rugby rugbyt
gen. rugbyn
genitive rugbyn rugbyjen
partitive rugbyä rugbyjä
inessive rugbyssä rugbyissä
elative rugbystä rugbyistä
illative rugbyyn rugbyihin
adessive rugbyllä rugbyillä
ablative rugbyltä rugbyiltä
allative rugbylle rugbyille
essive rugbynä rugbyinä
translative rugbyksi rugbyiksi
instructive rugbyin
abessive rugbyttä rugbyittä
comitative rugbyineen
Possessive forms of rugby (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person rugbyni rugbymme
2nd person rugbysi rugbynne
3rd person rugbynsä

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rugby m (uncountable)

  1. rugby (sport)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: ре́гби (régbi) (see there for further descendants)

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rugby m (invariable)

  1. rugby (form of football)

References[edit]

  1. ^ rugby in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Further reading[edit]

  • rugby in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈraɡ.bɨ/, /ˈruɡ.bɨ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɡbɨ
  • Syllabification: rug‧by

Noun[edit]

rugby n (indeclinable)

  1. rugby (sport where players can hold or kick an ovoid ball)

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

Further reading[edit]

  • rugby in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rugby in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rugby m (uncountable)

  1. (proscribed) rugby
    Synonyms: (Portugal) râguebi, (Brazil) rúgbi

Further reading[edit]

  • rugby” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈraɡbi/, [ˈraɣ̞.β̞i]
  • IPA(key): /ˈruɡbi/, [ˈruɣ̞.β̞i]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rugby m (plural rugbys)

  1. rugby

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading[edit]