rugby

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See also: Rugby

English[edit]

A game of rugby (sense 1.2) being played between King’s College London and University College London in 2014.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the name of Rugby School in Rugby, in Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom, where the modern game was developed in the 19th century.[1] The place name Rugby is attested in the Domesday Book as Old English Rocheberie (probably equivalent to rook (Corvus frugilegus, a bird of the crow family) +‎ -by (suffix indicating a village or town)), possibly from *Hrōcebyriġ, dative singular of *Hrōceburh, from hrōc (rook) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ker- (to crow)) + burh, burg (castle, fort, stronghold; city; town) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (hill, mountain; high, lofty; to rise)).

Noun[edit]

rugby (countable and uncountable, plural rugbies)

  1. (usually uncountable, sports)
    1. A form of football in which players can hold or kick an ovoid ball; rugby football. The ball cannot be handled forwards and points are scored by touching the ball to the ground in the area past the opponent's territory or by kicking the ball between goalposts and over a crossbar.
      Synonym: rugger
      The scrum is a distinctive element of rugby.
      The two rugbies split following a debate about amateurism.
    2. (specifically) The form of the game known as rugby union (see the usage note).
  2. (countable) Ellipsis of rugby shirt (a shirt of the kind worn by rugby players, usually short-sleeved and with a buttoned opening at the neck like a polo shirt, but with a stiffer collar).
    • 2003, B. Lawson Thornton, Misery Loves Company: The Diary of Kerri Mitchell, East River Press, →ISBN:
      I don't know why, but for some reason people who work undercover for department store security always wear rugbies and khakis.
    • 2007, Adam Mansbach, Angry Black White Boy: [], Crown, →ISBN, page 69:
      Jansports and cargo pants were everywhere, set off with overstated polos, rugbies, and sweatshirts blaring the logos of hip hop designers.
    • 2015, Tony Jackson, From the Streets to the Sheets, Page Publishing, →ISBN:
      I bought three jogging suits, a pair of Polo sneakers, and two rugbies.
Usage notes[edit]

The word rugby when used without any modifying word is commonly used to refer specifically to the game of rugby union – for example, the Rugby World Cup is a rugby union tournament. Referring to rugby league simply as rugby is less common, except in countries where that is the predominant version of rugby football played.

A major difference between rugby and football (association football or soccer) is that in the latter sport players apart from the goalkeeper are not permitted to handle the ball.

Alternative forms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rugby (third-person singular simple present rugbies, present participle rugbying, simple past and past participle rugbied)

  1. (intransitive) To play rugby.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Genericized trademark from Rugby, a brand of rubber cement by Bostik.

Noun[edit]

rugby (plural rugbys)

  1. (Philippines) Rubber cement, contact cement.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ rugby, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2019; “rugby1, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.

Further reading[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

rugby (uncountable)

  1. (sports) rugby

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Rugby, (a brand of rubber cement by Bostik).

Noun[edit]

rugby

  1. rubber cement, contact cement
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby.

Noun[edit]

rugby

  1. the sport of rugby

Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby (sport).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈraɡbɪ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: rug‧by

Noun[edit]

rugby n (indeclinable)

  1. rugby [20th c.]
    • 2006, Luboš Jeřábek, transl., Fotbal – velký lexikon[1], Praha: Grada Publishing, translation of Fussball-Lexikon by Bernd Rohr and Günter Simon, →ISBN, page 10:
      Ve škole v Rugby zakládá W. W. Ellis hru rugby (zvanou také rugbyfotbal, na rozdíl od pozdějšího asociačního fotbalu), při které je dovoleno hrát i rukama.
      W. W. Ellis invents a game called rugby (or rugby football, in contrast to later founded association football), in which it is allowed to play with hands, at a school in Rugby.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • rugby in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • rugby in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrʏx.bi/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: rug‧by

Noun[edit]

rugby n (uncountable)

  1. rugby (sport)

Derived terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑɡbi/, [ˈrɑ̝ɡbi]
  • IPA(key): /ˈruɡby/, [ˈruɡby]
  • Syllabification(key): rug‧by

Noun[edit]

rugby

  1. (sports) rugby

Declension[edit]

Inflection of rugby (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative rugby rugbyt
genitive rugbyn rugbyjen
partitive rugbya rugbyja
illative rugbyyn rugbyihin
singular plural
nominative rugby rugbyt
accusative nom. rugby rugbyt
gen. rugbyn
genitive rugbyn rugbyjen
partitive rugbya rugbyja
inessive rugbyssa rugbyissa
elative rugbysta rugbyista
illative rugbyyn rugbyihin
adessive rugbylla rugbyilla
ablative rugbylta rugbyilta
allative rugbylle rugbyille
essive rugbyna rugbyina
translative rugbyksi rugbyiksi
abessive rugbytta rugbyitta
instructive rugbyin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of rugby (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbyni rugbyni
accusative nom. rugbyni rugbyni
gen. rugbyni
genitive rugbyni rugbyjeni
partitive rugbyani rugbyjani
inessive rugbyssani rugbyissani
elative rugbystani rugbyistani
illative rugbyyni rugbyihini
adessive rugbyllani rugbyillani
ablative rugbyltani rugbyiltani
allative rugbylleni rugbyilleni
essive rugbynani rugbyinani
translative rugbykseni rugbyikseni
abessive rugbyttani rugbyittani
instructive
comitative rugbyineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbysi rugbysi
accusative nom. rugbysi rugbysi
gen. rugbysi
genitive rugbysi rugbyjesi
partitive rugbyasi rugbyjasi
inessive rugbyssasi rugbyissasi
elative rugbystasi rugbyistasi
illative rugbyysi rugbyihisi
adessive rugbyllasi rugbyillasi
ablative rugbyltasi rugbyiltasi
allative rugbyllesi rugbyillesi
essive rugbynasi rugbyinasi
translative rugbyksesi rugbyiksesi
abessive rugbyttasi rugbyittasi
instructive
comitative rugbyinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbymme rugbymme
accusative nom. rugbymme rugbymme
gen. rugbymme
genitive rugbymme rugbyjemme
partitive rugbyamme rugbyjamme
inessive rugbyssamme rugbyissamme
elative rugbystamme rugbyistamme
illative rugbyymme rugbyihimme
adessive rugbyllamme rugbyillamme
ablative rugbyltamme rugbyiltamme
allative rugbyllemme rugbyillemme
essive rugbynamme rugbyinamme
translative rugbyksemme rugbyiksemme
abessive rugbyttamme rugbyittamme
instructive
comitative rugbyinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbynne rugbynne
accusative nom. rugbynne rugbynne
gen. rugbynne
genitive rugbynne rugbyjenne
partitive rugbyanne rugbyjanne
inessive rugbyssanne rugbyissanne
elative rugbystanne rugbyistanne
illative rugbyynne rugbyihinne
adessive rugbyllanne rugbyillanne
ablative rugbyltanne rugbyiltanne
allative rugbyllenne rugbyillenne
essive rugbynanne rugbyinanne
translative rugbyksenne rugbyiksenne
abessive rugbyttanne rugbyittanne
instructive
comitative rugbyinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbynsa rugbynsa
accusative nom. rugbynsa rugbynsa
gen. rugbynsa
genitive rugbynsa rugbyjensa
partitive rugbyaan
rugbyansa
rugbyjaan
rugbyjansa
inessive rugbyssaan
rugbyssansa
rugbyissaan
rugbyissansa
elative rugbystaan
rugbystansa
rugbyistaan
rugbyistansa
illative rugbyynsa rugbyihinsa
adessive rugbyllaan
rugbyllansa
rugbyillaan
rugbyillansa
ablative rugbyltaan
rugbyltansa
rugbyiltaan
rugbyiltansa
allative rugbylleen
rugbyllensa
rugbyilleen
rugbyillensa
essive rugbynaan
rugbynansa
rugbyinaan
rugbyinansa
translative rugbykseen
rugbyksensa
rugbyikseen
rugbyiksensa
abessive rugbyttaan
rugbyttansa
rugbyittaan
rugbyittansa
instructive
comitative rugbyineen
rugbyinensa
Inflection of rugby (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative rugby rugbyt
genitive rugbyn rugbyjen
partitive rugbyä rugbyjä
illative rugbyyn rugbyihin
singular plural
nominative rugby rugbyt
accusative nom. rugby rugbyt
gen. rugbyn
genitive rugbyn rugbyjen
partitive rugbyä rugbyjä
inessive rugbyssä rugbyissä
elative rugbystä rugbyistä
illative rugbyyn rugbyihin
adessive rugbyllä rugbyillä
ablative rugbyltä rugbyiltä
allative rugbylle rugbyille
essive rugbynä rugbyinä
translative rugbyksi rugbyiksi
abessive rugbyttä rugbyittä
instructive rugbyin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of rugby (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbyni rugbyni
accusative nom. rugbyni rugbyni
gen. rugbyni
genitive rugbyni rugbyjeni
partitive rugbyäni rugbyjäni
inessive rugbyssäni rugbyissäni
elative rugbystäni rugbyistäni
illative rugbyyni rugbyihini
adessive rugbylläni rugbyilläni
ablative rugbyltäni rugbyiltäni
allative rugbylleni rugbyilleni
essive rugbynäni rugbyinäni
translative rugbykseni rugbyikseni
abessive rugbyttäni rugbyittäni
instructive
comitative rugbyineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbysi rugbysi
accusative nom. rugbysi rugbysi
gen. rugbysi
genitive rugbysi rugbyjesi
partitive rugbyäsi rugbyjäsi
inessive rugbyssäsi rugbyissäsi
elative rugbystäsi rugbyistäsi
illative rugbyysi rugbyihisi
adessive rugbylläsi rugbyilläsi
ablative rugbyltäsi rugbyiltäsi
allative rugbyllesi rugbyillesi
essive rugbynäsi rugbyinäsi
translative rugbyksesi rugbyiksesi
abessive rugbyttäsi rugbyittäsi
instructive
comitative rugbyinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbymme rugbymme
accusative nom. rugbymme rugbymme
gen. rugbymme
genitive rugbymme rugbyjemme
partitive rugbyämme rugbyjämme
inessive rugbyssämme rugbyissämme
elative rugbystämme rugbyistämme
illative rugbyymme rugbyihimme
adessive rugbyllämme rugbyillämme
ablative rugbyltämme rugbyiltämme
allative rugbyllemme rugbyillemme
essive rugbynämme rugbyinämme
translative rugbyksemme rugbyiksemme
abessive rugbyttämme rugbyittämme
instructive
comitative rugbyinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbynne rugbynne
accusative nom. rugbynne rugbynne
gen. rugbynne
genitive rugbynne rugbyjenne
partitive rugbyänne rugbyjänne
inessive rugbyssänne rugbyissänne
elative rugbystänne rugbyistänne
illative rugbyynne rugbyihinne
adessive rugbyllänne rugbyillänne
ablative rugbyltänne rugbyiltänne
allative rugbyllenne rugbyillenne
essive rugbynänne rugbyinänne
translative rugbyksenne rugbyiksenne
abessive rugbyttänne rugbyittänne
instructive
comitative rugbyinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rugbynsä rugbynsä
accusative nom. rugbynsä rugbynsä
gen. rugbynsä
genitive rugbynsä rugbyjensä
partitive rugbyään
rugbyänsä
rugbyjään
rugbyjänsä
inessive rugbyssään
rugbyssänsä
rugbyissään
rugbyissänsä
elative rugbystään
rugbystänsä
rugbyistään
rugbyistänsä
illative rugbyynsä rugbyihinsä
adessive rugbyllään
rugbyllänsä
rugbyillään
rugbyillänsä
ablative rugbyltään
rugbyltänsä
rugbyiltään
rugbyiltänsä
allative rugbylleen
rugbyllensä
rugbyilleen
rugbyillensä
essive rugbynään
rugbynänsä
rugbyinään
rugbyinänsä
translative rugbykseen
rugbyksensä
rugbyikseen
rugbyiksensä
abessive rugbyttään
rugbyttänsä
rugbyittään
rugbyittänsä
instructive
comitative rugbyineen
rugbyinensä

Further reading[edit]

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

Orthographic borrowing from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rugby m (uncountable)

  1. rugby (sport)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: ре́гби (régbi) (see there for further descendants)

Further reading[edit]

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English rugby. For the /ɛ/ compare club.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rugby m (invariable)

  1. rugby (form of football)

References[edit]

  1. ^ rugby in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Further reading[edit]

  • rugby in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈraɡ.bɨ/, /ˈruɡ.bɨ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɡbɨ
  • Syllabification: rug‧by

Noun[edit]

rugby n (indeclinable)

  1. (sports) rugby (sport where players can hold or kick an ovoid ball)

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

Further reading[edit]

  • rugby in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rugby in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈʁɐ.ɡi.bi/ [ˈhɐ.ɡi.bi], /ˈʁɐɡ.bi/ [ˈhɐɡ.bi]
    • (Rio de Janeiro) IPA(key): /ˈʁɐ.ɡi.bi/ [ˈχɐ.ɡi.bi], /ˈʁɐɡ.bi/ [ˈχɐɡ.bi]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈʁɐɡ.bi/ [ˈhɐɡ.bi], /ˈʁɐ.ɡi.bi/ [ˈhɐ.ɡi.bi]

Noun[edit]

rugby m (uncountable)

  1. (proscribed) rugby
    Synonyms: (Portugal) râguebi, (Brazil) rúgbi

Further reading[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English rugby.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈraɡbi/ [ˈraɣ̞.β̞i]
  • IPA(key): /ˈruɡbi/ [ˈruɣ̞.β̞i]
  • Syllabification: rug‧by

Noun[edit]

rugby m (plural rugbys)

  1. rugby

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading[edit]