neigen

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See also: Neigen

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch neigen, from Old Dutch neigen, from Proto-Germanic *hnaigijaną, the causative of nijgen. The weak verb adopted most intransitive uses from strong nijgen in modern Dutch, the latter being restricted to “bowing as a sign of respect”. Compare however genegen (inclined to).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

neigen

  1. to bend over, lean (towards)
  2. to tend, incline

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of neigen (weak)
infinitive neigen
past singular neigde
past participle geneigd
infinitive neigen
gerund neigen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular neig neigde
2nd person sing. (jij) neigt neigde
2nd person sing. (u) neigt neigde
2nd person sing. (gij) neigt neigde
3rd person singular neigt neigde
plural neigen neigden
subjunctive sing.1 neige neigde
subjunctive plur.1 neigen neigden
imperative sing. neig
imperative plur.1 neigt
participles neigend geneigd
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a merger of Middle High German nīgen (intransitive, strong) and neigen (transitive, weak), from Old High German nīgan and neigen, from Proto-Germanic *hnīganą and its causative *hnaigijaną. Cognate with Dutch nijgen and neigen, Old English hnīgan and Old English hnǣgan, Old Norse hnīga and hneiga. Strong forms have been absent from the standard language since the 16th century, but survive in some dialects.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnaɪ̯ɡən/, [ˈnaɪ̯.ɡŋ̍], [-ɡən]
  • (file)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

neigen (weak, third-person singular present neigt, past tense neigte, past participle geneigt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to incline, slant, tilt, bend, lower (move something in some direction by bowing or turning slightly)
    Die Sträucher neigen ihre Zweige.
    The shrubs are lowering their twigs.
  2. (reflexive or intransitive) to incline, slant, lean, bow (intransitive use always requires an adverb of place)
    Die Wand neigt sich.
    The wall is slanting.
    Die Wand neigt (sich) zur Seite. (Here reflexive use may imply the inclination is increasing.)
    The wall is slanting to the side.
  3. (intransitive, with zu) to be inclined, tend towards, have a preference for
    Ich neige zu dieser Lösung.
    I am inclined to this solution.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • neigen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • neigen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • neigen” in Duden online
  • neigen” in OpenThesaurus.de

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch neigen, from Proto-Germanic *hnaigijaną, the causative of nigen.

Verb[edit]

neigen

  1. to (cause to) bend down
  2. to lay down, to rest (the head)
  3. to incline

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: neigen
  • Limburgish: neige, nèège

Further reading[edit]


Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hnaigijaną.

Verb[edit]

neigen

  1. to cause to bend down
  2. to incline

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • nēgen”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012