From Middle English tossen (“to buffet about, agitate, toss; to sift or winnow”), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Old Norse (compare dialectal Norwegian tossa, dialectal Swedish tossa (“to strew, spread”)), or perhaps from an alteration of Middle English tosen (“to tease, pull apart, shred; to wound, injure”). Compare also Dutch tassen (“to pile or heap up, stack”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /tɒs/
- (General American) IPA(key): /tɔs/
- (cot–caught merger, Canada) IPA(key): /tɑs/
Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒs
toss (plural tosses)
- A throw, a lob, of a ball etc., with an initial upward direction, particularly with a lack of care.
- (cricket, soccer) The coin toss before a cricket match in order to decide who bats first, or before a football match in order to decide the direction of play.
- A haughty throwing up of the head.
- (British slang) A jot, in the phrase 'give a toss'.
- I couldn't give a toss about her.
- (British slang) A state of agitation; commotion.
- (British slang, chiefly in the negative) concern or consideration.
- I don't give a toss.
- (Billingsgate Fish Market slang) A measure of sprats.
- 1834, Pasley, Sir Charles William, “That the cubic foot is the smallest measure, which ought to be used in wholesale dealings in fish or fruit”, in Observations on the expediency and practicability of simplifying and improving the measures, weights and money, used in this country, without materially altering the present standards, page 96:
- It will differ from the heaped measure of oysters, improperly called the peck, by about one-seventh part in excess, and from the toss of sprats by about one-third part in excess.
- To throw with an initial upward direction.
- Toss it over here!
- To lift with a sudden or violent motion.
- to toss the head
- 1712 (date written), [Joseph] Addison, Cato, a Tragedy. […], London: […] J[acob] Tonson, […], published 1713, OCLC 79426475, Act I, scene iv, page 1:
- He tossed his arm aloft, and proudly told me, / He would not stay.
- 1835, Charles Whitehead, The Autobiography of Jack Ketch (page 74)
- "Over the bender," said Wisp, with a laugh, tossing his thumb over his left shoulder as he spoke.
- To agitate; to make restless.
- To subject to trials; to harass.
- , George Herbert, [Nicholas Ferrar], editor, The Temple: Sacred Poems, and Private Ejaculations, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: […] Thomas Buck and Roger Daniel; and are to be sold by Francis Green, […], OCLC 1048966979; reprinted London: Elliot Stock, […], 1885, OCLC 54151361:
- Whom devils fly, thus is he tossed of men.
- To flip a coin, to decide a point of contention.
- We should toss for it.
- I'll toss you for it.
- (informal, transitive) To discard; to throw away.
- Synonym: toss out
- I don't need it any more; you can just toss it.
- To stir or mix (a salad).
- to toss a salad; a tossed salad.
- (British slang) To masturbate
- (transitive, informal) To search (a room or a cell), sometimes leaving visible disorder, as for valuables or evidence of a crime.
- 2003, Joseph Wambaugh, Fire Lover, page 258:
- John Orr had occasion to complain in writing to the senior supervisor that his Playboy and Penthouse magazines had been stolen by deputies. And he believed that was what prompted a random search of his cell for contraband. He was stripped, handcuffed, and forced to watch as they tossed his cell.
- 2009, Thomas Harris, Red Dragon:
- Rankin and Willingham, when they tossed his cell, they took Polaroids so they could get everything back in place.
- 2011, Linda Howard, Kill and Tell: A Novel:
- Hayes had watched him toss a room before. He had tapped walls, gotten down on his hands and knees and studied the floor, inspected books and lamps and bric-abrac.
- (intransitive) To roll and tumble; to be in violent commotion.
- tossing and turning in bed, unable to sleep
- (intransitive) To be tossed, as a fleet on the ocean, or as a ship in heavy seas.
- (obsolete) To keep in play; to tumble over.
- a. 1569 (date written), Roger Ascham, Margaret Ascham, editor, The Scholemaster: Or Plaine and Perfite Way of Teaching Children, to Vnderstand, Write, and Speake, the Latin Tong, […], London: […] John Daye, […], published 1570, OCLC 228713506:
- spend four or fiue yeares, in tossing all the rules of Grammer in common scholes
- (rowing) To peak (the oars), to lift them from the rowlocks and hold them perpendicularly, the handle resting on the bottom of the boat.
- (British slang) To drink in large draughts; to gulp.
- (slang, usually as "toss one's cookies") To vomit.