tost

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See also: töst and tôt

English[edit]

Verb[edit]

tost

  1. (obsolete) simple past tense and past participle of toss

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tostum, the neuter of tostus. Cognate with French tôt, Italian tosto.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tost

  1. (archaic or dialectal) soon
    Synonym: aviat

German[edit]

Verb[edit]

tost

  1. Second-person singular present of tosen.
  2. Second-person plural present of tosen.
  3. Third-person singular present of tosen.
  4. Imperative plural of tosen.

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tost, from Proto-Celtic *tusto-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tost m (genitive singular tost, nominative plural tostanna)

  1. silence
    Bí i do thost!Be silent!, Be quiet!, Shut up!
    Proverb:
    Is binn béal ina thost.A silent mouth is sweet.
  2. verbal noun of tost

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

tost (present analytic tostann, future analytic tostfaidh, verbal noun tost, past participle tosta)

  1. (intransitive) be silent, become silent
    Thost sé bomaite.He remained silent a while.

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tost thost dtost
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French toster.

Verb[edit]

tost

  1. Alternative form of tosten

Etymology 2[edit]

A back-formation from tosten.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tost (plural tostes)

  1. toast (bread that has been toasted)
Descendants[edit]
  • English: toast
  • Scots: toast
References[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Latin tot (very) + cito (fast), but more likely from Vulgar Latin *tostum, from the neuter of Latin tostus (toasted), later meaning "hotly, promptly" in Vulgar Latin. Cognate to Italian tosto, Occitan and Catalan tost.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tost

  1. early
  2. soon
  3. quickly; straight away

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *tustus, from the same root as tóe. Several phonological peculiarities relating to the evolution of this term, such as irregular final -st (which should have become -s(s) /s/) and the initial consonant fluctuating between t- and s-, are probably due to contamination from its synonym, socht. This contamination intensified over time, giving birth to Middle Irish and Early Modern Irish forms like tocht and sosd.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tost m (genitive unattested, no plural)

  1. silence
    Synonym: socht

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
tost thost tost
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Polish[edit]

tosty

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English toast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tost m inan

  1. toast (toasted bread)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tost in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish tost, from Proto-Celtic *tusto-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tost m (genitive singular tost, no plural)

  1. silence

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
tost thost
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • tost” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911) An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language[2], Stirling, →ISBN
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “tost”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English toast.

Noun[edit]

tost (definite accusative tosdu, plural tostlar)

  1. toast

Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Italian toast

Noun[edit]

tost m (invariable)

  1. toasted sandwich