Reconstruction:Proto-Uralic/käle

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This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Uralic[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

Reconstructed as *keele in the UEW, mainly on the basis of Finnic. Sammallahti (1988) reconstructs *käxle; according to Aikio (2012), it is not necessary to posit a separate element *x, and vowel length in Finnic can be considered the result of secondary lengthening.

Noun[edit]

*käle

  1. tongue
  2. language

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Samoyedic: *käə(j)
  • Ugric:
  • Permic:
  • Mordvinic:
  • Proto-Samic: *kielë (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Finnic: *keeli (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. →ISBN.

External links[edit]