gewinnen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Gewinnen

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch gewinnen, from Old Dutch giwinnan, from Proto-West Germanic *gawinnan, from Proto-Germanic *gawinnaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ge‧win‧nen
  • Rhymes: -ɪnən

Verb[edit]

gewinnen (archaic)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to acquire
    1. to acquire as the result of a struggle or contest
    2. to beget
      Abraham gewon Isaac.
      Abraham begat Isaac.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of gewinnen (strong class 3, prefixed)
infinitive gewinnen
past singular gewon
past participle gewonnen
infinitive gewinnen
gerund gewinnen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular gewin gewon
2nd person sing. (jij) gewint gewon
2nd person sing. (u) gewint gewon
2nd person sing. (gij) gewint gewont
3rd person singular gewint gewon
plural gewinnen gewonnen
subjunctive sing.1 gewinne gewonne
subjunctive plur.1 gewinnen gewonnen
imperative sing. gewin
imperative plur.1 gewint
participles gewinnend gewonnen
1) Archaic.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German gewinnen, winnen, from Old High German winnan, giwinnan, from Proto-West Germanic *winnan, from Proto-Germanic *winnaną, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (to strive, wish, desire, love).

Cognate with Dutch winnen, Low German winnen, Old English ġewinnan, winnan (whence English win), Norwegian vinne, Swedish vinna.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡəˈvɪnən/, [ɡəˈvɪ-], [ɡəˈʋɪ-], [-nən], [-nn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

gewinnen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present gewinnt, past tense gewann, past participle gewonnen, past subjunctive gewänne or gewönne, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to win; to be victorious
  2. (transitive) to win something; to gain
  3. (transitive) to win over; to persuade
  4. (transitive) to win or extract a resource

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German gewenen, from Old High German giwennen, winnan, giwinnan, from Proto-Germanic *winnaną. Cognate with German gewöhnen, Dutch gewennen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡeˈvinen/, [ɡəˈvinən]

Verb[edit]

gewinnen (third-person singular present gewinnt, past participle gewinnt, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (transitive, with preposition un) to get used to, to become accustomed to

Conjugation[edit]

Regular
infinitive gewinnen
participle gewinnt
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular gewinnen
2nd singular gewinns gewinn
3rd singular gewinnt
1st plural gewinnen
2nd plural gewinnt gewinnt
3rd plural gewinnen
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch giwinnan, from Proto-West Germanic *gawinnan, from Proto-Germanic *gawinnaną. Equivalent to ge- +‎ winnen.

Verb[edit]

gewinnen

  1. to win, obtain, acquire

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Infinitive gewinnen
3rd sg. past gewan
3rd pl. past gewonnen
Past participle gewonnen
Infinitive gewinnen
In genitive gewinnens
In dative gewinnene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular gewinne gewan
2nd singular gewins, gewinnes gewons, gewonnes
3rd singular gewint, gewinnet gewan
1st plural gewinnen gewonnen
2nd plural gewint, gewinnet gewont, gewonnet
3rd plural gewinnen gewonnen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular gewinne gewonne
2nd singular gewins, gewinnes gewonnes
3rd singular gewinne gewonne
1st plural gewinnen gewonnen
2nd plural gewint, gewinnet gewonnet
3rd plural gewinnen gewonnen
Imperative Present
Singular gewin, gewinne
Plural gewint, gewinnet
Present Past
Participle gewinnende gewonnen

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: gewinnen

Further reading[edit]