Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/krap

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *khljəp (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *krap (Matisoff, STEDT; Benedict, 1972; Coblin, 1986; Weidert, 1987; Michailovsky, 1991); *krɑp (Chou, 1972)

Verb[edit]

*krap

  1. to weep
Descendants[edit]
  • Old Chinese: /*k-r̥əp/ (B-S); /*kʰrɯb/ (ZS) ("to weep")
    • Middle Chinese: /kʰɣiɪp/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (, /t͡ɕʰi⁵¹/)
  • Kamarupan
    • North Assam
      • Tani
        /*krap/ ("weep") (Sun, 1993)
    • Kuki-Chin
      *krap-I, kraʔ-II (weep, cry) (VanBik, 2009)
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: ṭap, ṭah (to cry, weep, lament)
    • "Naga"
      • Northern Naga
        /*krəp/ ("weep") (French, 1983)
      • Tangkhulic
        /*cap/ ("weep") (Mortensen, 2012)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: ཁྲབ་ཁྲབ (khrab khrab, weeper, one that sheds tears on every occasion)
      • Tamangic
        *ᴬkra, ᴮkraː (cry, weep) (Mazaudon, 1994)
    • Kiranti
      /*khrap/ ("weep") (Michailovsky, 1991)
  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
      • Jingpho [Kachin]: hkrap (to weep, cry)

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *krap/krəp (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *krap (Matisoff, STEDT)

Noun[edit]

*krap

  1. shell; shield
Descendants[edit]
  • Old Chinese: (*[k]ˁr[a]p (B-S); *kraːb (ZS), shell)
    • Middle Chinese: /kˠap̚/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (jiǎ, /t͡ɕi̯a̠²¹⁴/)