Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/ŋəw

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *nguɣw (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *ŋəw (Matisoff, STEDT), *ŋuw (Benedict, 1972; LaPolla, 1987; Michailovsky, 1991), *nguw (*A) (Coblin, 1986)

Verb[edit]

*ŋəw

  1. to cry, weep

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: , (/*ŋaːw/ (ZS), sound of wailing)
    • Middle Chinese: , /ŋɑu/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: , (áo), /ˀɑʊ̯³⁵/
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: ངུ་བ (ngu ba, to cry, weep)
    • Kiranti: *ŋok- ~ *ŋak- (cry) (Michailovsky, 1991)
  • Tangut-Qiang
    • Northern Tangut
      • Tangut: 𗥸 (ŋuw, /*ŋʊw³⁵/, to cry, sob)
  • Lolo-Burmese: *ŋəw¹ (weep) (Matisoff, 2003)
    • Burmish
      • Burmese: ငို (ngui, to weep, cry, shed tears)
    • Loloish: *ŋo¹ (cry) (Bradley, 1979)
      • Northern Loloish
        • Yi (Liangshan): (ngo, to cry)
      • Central Loloish
        • Lisu (Southern): ꓥꓴꓻ (ŋu, to cry)
  • Naic:
    • Naish:
      • Naxi: ngvq (to cry, to weep)
  • Nungish:
    • Rawang: ngø (to cry, to weep)
    • Trung/Drung/Dulong: ngeu (to cry)

See also[edit]