Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/ŋəw

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *nguɣw (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *ŋəw (Matisoff, STEDT), *ŋuw (Benedict, 1972; LaPolla, 1987; Michailovsky, 1991), *nguw (*A) (Coblin, 1986)

Verb[edit]

*ŋəw

  1. to cry, weep

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: , (/*ŋaːw/ (ZS), sound of wailing)
    • Middle Chinese: , /ŋɑu/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: , (áo), /ˀɑʊ̯³⁵/
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
    • Kiranti: *ŋok- ~ *ŋak- (cry) (Michailovsky, 1991)
  • Tangut-Qiang
    • Northern Tangut
      • Tangut: 𗥸 (ŋuw, /*ŋʊw³⁵/, to cry, sob)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese: *ŋəw¹ (weep) (Matisoff, 2003)
      • Burmish
        • Burmese: ငို (ngui, to weep, cry, shed tears)
      • Loloish: *ŋo¹ (cry) (Bradley, 1979)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (ngo, to cry)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓥꓴꓻ (ŋu, to cry)

See also[edit]