蝸牛

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See also: 蜗牛

Chinese[edit]

snail ox; cow; bull
trad. (蝸牛)
simp. (蜗牛)
Wikipedia has an article on:
蝸牛

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (28) (28) (31)
Final () (32) (99) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Open
Division () II II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuɛ/ /kˠua/ /ŋɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚæ/ /kʷᵚa/ /ŋiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuæi/ /kua/ /ŋiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨj/ /kwaɨ/ /ŋuw/
Li
Rong
/kuɛ/ /kua/ /ŋiu/
Wang
Li
/kwai/ /kwa/ /ŋĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwai/ /kwa/ /ŋi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guā guā

Noun[edit]

蝸牛

  1. snail

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 蝸牛 (“snail”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蝸牛
Mandarin Beijing 水牛兒
Taiwan 蝸牛
Jinan 蛤拉蚰蛤拉蚰子
Xi'an 蝸蝸牛蝸蝸牛兒
Wuhan 蝸牛天螺螄
Chengdu 蝸牛牛牛牛牛兒
Yangzhou 蝸牛
Hefei 旱螺螄
Cantonese Guangzhou 蝸牛
Hong Kong 蝸牛
Taishan 緣牛蝸牛
Yangjiang 蝸牛
Gan Nanchang 蝸牛
Hakka Meixian 螔螺哥
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 螔螺仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 螔螺仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蝓螺
Dongshi (Dabu) 蝓螺
Zhuolan (Raoping) 蝓螺
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 露螺
Jin Taiyuan 蝸牛
Min Bei Jian'ou 鉗螺
Min Dong Fuzhou 牛母牛囝
Min Nan Xiamen 露螺
Zhangzhou 鼻痕螺鼻痕
Taipei 露螺
Kaohsiung 露螺
Tainan 露螺
Taichung 露螺
Hsinchu 露螺
Lukang 露螺
Sanxia 露螺
Yilan 露螺
Kinmen 露螺
Magong 露螺
Penang
Wu Suzhou 蝸牛背包蜒蚰
Wenzhou 蜒蚰螺
Xiang Changsha 蝸牛天螺陀
Shuangfeng 蝸牛山田螺

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ぎゅう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese [Term?] compound 蝸牛 (kwæ ngjuw, literally snail + cow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝸牛 (hiragana かぎゅう, rōmaji kagyū, historical hiragana くわぎう)

  1. a snail
  2. (anatomy) cochlea
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 2
Irregular

Alteration of katatsuburi, in turn a compound of (kata, stem of adjective 固い (katai, hard)) + つぶり (tsuburi, small round thing, cognate with (tsuburi, head), (tsubu, grain or kernel of rice)).[2][1]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

蝸牛 (hiragana かたつむり, katakana カタツムリ, rōmaji katatsumuri)

  1. a snail
    • 1999 March 18, “デビルツムリ [Devilsnail]”, in Starter Boxスターターボックス (in Japanese), Konami:
       (やみ) (ちから) (しん) ()したカタツムリ () (あし)があり、 (はや) (うご)ける。
      Yami no chikara de shinka shita katatsumuri. Te ya ashi ga ari, hayaku ugokeru.
      A snail that evolved with the help of dark power. It can move quickly now that it has limbs.
    • 2000 April 20, “メカニカルスネイル [Mechanical Snail]”, in Magic Ruler -魔法の支配者- (in Japanese), Konami:
       () (かい) (かい) (ぞう)されたカタツムリ。しかし、スピードはあまり ()わらない。
      Kikai ni kaizō sareta katatsumuri. Shikashi, supīdo wa amari kawaranai.
      A snail that was mechanically enhanced, which didn’t make it any quicker.
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カタツムリ.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 2
Irregular

Alteration of ででむし (dedemushi, snail), itself a compound of でで (dede, from (de, come out), from an old children's nursery rhyme calling for a snail to put out its eyestalks) + (mushi, bug).[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

蝸牛 (hiragana でんでんむし, rōmaji dendenmushi)

  1. a snail

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

蝸牛 (wau) (hangeul 와우)

  1. Hanja form? of 와우, “snail”.