蝸牛

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See also: 蜗牛

Chinese[edit]

land snail ox; cow; bull
trad. (蝸牛)
simp. (蜗牛)
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Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (28) (28) (31)
Final () (32) (99) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Open
Division () II II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuɛ/ /kˠua/ /ŋɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚæ/ /kʷᵚa/ /ŋiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuæi/ /kua/ /ŋiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨj/ /kwaɨ/ /ŋuw/
Li
Rong
/kuɛ/ /kua/ /ŋiu/
Wang
Li
/kwai/ /kwa/ /ŋĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwai/ /kwa/ /ŋi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guā guā

Noun[edit]

蝸牛

  1. land snail

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ぎゅう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 蝸牛 (kwæ ngjuw, literally snail + cow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝸牛(かぎゅう) (kagyū (historical kana くわぎう)

  1. a snail
  2. (anatomy) cochlea
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 2
Irregular

Alteration of katatsuburi, in turn a compound of (kata, stem of adjective 固い (katai, hard)) + つぶり (tsuburi, small round thing, cognate with (tsuburi, head), (tsubu, grain or kernel of rice)).[2][1]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

蝸牛(かたつむり) (katatsumuri

  1. a snail
    • 1999 March 18, “デビルツムリ [Devilsnail]”, in Starter Boxスターターボックス, Konami:
      (やみ)(ちから)(しん)()したカタツムリ()(あし)があり、(はや)(うご)ける。
      Yami no chikara de shinka shita katatsumuri. Te ya ashi ga ari, hayaku ugokeru.
      A snail that evolved with the help of dark power. It can move quickly now that it has limbs.
    • 2000 April 20, “メカニカルスネイル [Mechanical Snail]”, in Magic Ruler -魔法の支配者-, Konami:
      ()(かい)(かい)(ぞう)されたカタツムリ。しかし、スピードはあまり()わらない。
      Kikai ni kaizō sareta katatsumuri. Shikashi, supīdo wa amari kawaranai.
      A snail that was mechanically enhanced, which didn’t make it any quicker.
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カタツムリ.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 2
Irregular

Alteration of ででむし (dedemushi, snail), itself a compound of でで (dede, from (de, come out), from an old children's nursery rhyme calling for a snail to put out its eyestalks) + (mushi, bug).[2][1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

蝸牛(でんでんむし) (dendenmushi

  1. a snail

Compounds[edit]

Compounds with irregular readings

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

蝸牛 (wau) (hangeul 와우)

  1. Hanja form? of 와우 (snail).