為富不仁

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Chinese[edit]

 
because of; for; to
because of; for; to; act as; take...to be; to be; to do; to serve as; to become
 
rich; abundant; to enrich
rich; abundant; to enrich; resource
not; no humane; kernel
trad. (為富不仁)
simp. (为富不仁)

Etymology[edit]

From Mencius.

陽虎:「為富不仁。」 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
阳虎:“为富不仁。” [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: Mencius, circa 4th century BCE
Yáng Hǔ yuē: “Wéi fù bù rén yǐ, wéi rén bù fù yǐ.” [Pinyin]
Yang Hu said, “the rich cannot be benevolent; the benevolent cannot be rich.”

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Middle Chinese: /ɦˠiuᴇ|ɦˠiuᴇH  pɨuH  pɨu|pɨuX|pɨut̚  ȵiɪn/
Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Initial () (35) (35) (1) (1) (1) (1) (38)
Final () (14) (14) (136) (136) (136) (60) (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Departing (H) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Open Open Open Closed Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III III III III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiuᴇ/ /ɦˠiuᴇH/ /pɨuH/ /pɨu/ /pɨuX/ /pɨut̚/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiɛ/ /ɦʷᵚiɛH/ /piuH/ /piu/ /piuX/ /piut̚/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɛ/ /ɣiuɛH/ /piəuH/ /piəu/ /piəuX/ /piuət̚/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦjwiə̆/ /ɦjwiə̆H/ /puwH/ /puw/ /puwX/ /put̚/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/ɣjue/ /ɣjueH/ /piuH/ /piu/ /piuX/ /piuət̚/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ɣǐwe/ /ɣǐweH/ /pĭəuH/ /pĭəu/ /pĭəuX/ /pĭuət̚/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/wie̯/ /wie̯H/ /pi̯ə̯uH/ /pi̯ə̯u/ /pi̯ə̯uX/ /pi̯uət̚/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wéi wèi fòu fōu fǒu fu rén
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wai4 wai6 fau3 fau1 fau2 fat1 jan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wéi rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwe › ‹ pjuwH › ‹ pjuw › ‹ nyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷ(r)aj/ /*pək-s/ /*pə/ /*niŋ/
English make, do, act as rich; wealth not kind

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
No. 3372 1025 1029 1048 10801
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0 0 0 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷal/ /*pɯɡs/ /*pɯ/ /*pɯʔ/ /*pɯ'/ /*njin/
Notes

Idiom[edit]

為富不仁

  1. to be rich and cruel; to be rich and heartless