日和

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See also: 白和

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
より
Grade: 3
kun’yomi Irregular

Thought to be derived from (sun) +‎ 寄り (yori, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 寄る (yoru), “to draw near”‎). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The use of for "calm" is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

日和 (hiragana ひより, rōmaji hiyori)

  1. weather (conditions)
    Synonym: 天気 (tenki)
  2. a clear sky, nice weather
    Synonym: 晴天 (seiten)
  3. a circumstance, situation
  4. Short for 日和下駄 (hiyori geta): clogs for use in dry weather
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

日和 (hiragana びより, rōmaji -biyori)

  1. (figuratively) perfect weather for an activity
     (さん) ()日和 (びより)
    sanpo-biyori
    good day for a walk outside
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日和 (hiragana ひより, rōmaji Hiyori)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 3
Irregular

From a poem in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE, a shift in meaning from Old Japanese (⟨nipa⟩ → niwa, areawide open sea):

  • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 3, poem 256 by Kakinomoto ni Hitomaro), text here
    飼飯 (けひの) (うみ) () (には) (よく)有之 (あらし)苅薦 (かりこも) () (みだれて) (いづ) () ()海人 (あまの) (つり) (ぶね) [Man'yōgana]
     () () (うみ) (には)よくあらし (かり) (ごも) (みだ)れて () () () () () (ぶね) [Modern spelling]
    Kehi-no-umi no niwa yoku arashi karigomo no midarete izu miyu ama no tsuribune
    The fishing grounds at Kehi must be yielding their riches today; scattering about on the waves, like freshly cut reeds, I can see the boats of fishermen.[2]

The kanji spelling is an example of ateji (当て字).

Noun[edit]

日和 (hiragana にわ, rōmaji niwa, historical hiragana には)

  1. (archaic) calm sea
  2. (archaic) calm weather
  3. (archaic) good mood
    Synonym: 機嫌 (kigen)

Proper noun[edit]

日和 (hiragana にわ, rōmaji Niwa, historical hiragana には)

  1. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Marc P. Keane; Haruzo Ohashi, photography (2012) Japanese Garden Design[1], illustrated edition, Tuttle Publishing, →ISBN