叩く

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
たた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
敲く

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *tataku. Cognate with Okinawan 叩ちゅん (たたちゅん, tatachun).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "叩く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
叩く [tàtáꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 叩け [tàtáꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 叩かれる たかれ [tàtákáréꜜrù]
Causative 叩かせる たかせ [tàtákáséꜜrù]
Potential 叩ける たけ [tàtákéꜜrù]
Volitional 叩こう たこ [tàtákóꜜò]
Negative 叩かない たかない [tàtákáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 叩かなかった たかなかった [tàtákáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 叩きます たきま [tàtákímáꜜsù]
Perfective 叩いた いた [tàtáꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 叩いて いて [tàtáꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 叩けば けば [tàtáꜜkèbà]

Verb[edit]

(たた) (tatakutransitive godan (stem (たた) (tataki), past (たた)いた (tataita))

  1. to hit; to strike; to beat; to paddle (to spank with a paddle)
    (むね)(たた)
    mune o tataku
    to beat one's chest
  2. to criticize; to verbally abuse or attack
    (まい)(にち)(しん)(ぶん)(たた)
    Mainichi Shinbun o tataku
    to pile hate on Mainichi Shimbun
  3. to play (drums); to beat
    ドラム(たた)
    doramu o tataku
    to play a drum
  4. to clap (hands)
    ()(たた)
    te o tataku
    to clap one's hands
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "叩く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
叩く [hàtáꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 叩け [hàtáꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 叩かれる たかれ [hàtákáréꜜrù]
Causative 叩かせる たかせ [hàtákáséꜜrù]
Potential 叩ける たけ [hàtákéꜜrù]
Volitional 叩こう たこ [hàtákóꜜò]
Negative 叩かない たかない [hàtákáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 叩かなかった たかなかった [hàtákáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 叩きます たきま [hàtákímáꜜsù]
Perfective 叩いた いた [hàtáꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 叩いて いて [hàtáꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 叩けば けば [hàtáꜜkèbà]

Verb[edit]

(はた) (hatakutransitive godan (stem (はた) (hataki), past (はた)いた (hataita))

  1. to use up money
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN