叩く

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
たた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling 敲く

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *tataku. Cognate with Okinawan 叩ちゅん (たたちゅん, tatachun).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "叩く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
叩く [tàtáꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 叩け [tàtáꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 叩かれる たかれ [tàtákáréꜜrù]
Causative 叩かせる たかせ [tàtákáséꜜrù]
Potential 叩ける たけ [tàtákéꜜrù]
Volitional 叩こう たこ [tàtákóꜜò]
Negative 叩かない たかない [tàtákáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 叩かなかった たかなかった [tàtákáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 叩きます たきま [tàtákímáꜜsù]
Perfective 叩いた いた [tàtáꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 叩いて いて [tàtáꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 叩けば けば [tàtáꜜkèbà]

Verb[edit]

叩く (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana たたく, rōmaji tataku)

  1. hit; strike; beat; paddle (spank with a paddle)
     (むね) (たた)
    mune o tataku
    beat one's chest
  2. criticize; verbally abuse/attack
    毎日新聞 (まいにちしんぶん) (たた)
    Mainichi Shinbun o tataku
    pile hate on Mainichi Shimbun
    • 2018, Pop Team Epic
      ネットで (たた)れすぎて (こころ) (なに) (かん)じなくなる
      netto de tatakaresugite kokoro ga nani mo kanjinakunaru
      be insulted online so much that one's heart doesn't feel anything anymore
  3. play (drums); beat
    ドラムを (たた)
    doramu o tataku
    play a drum
  4. clap (hands)
     () (たた)
    te o tataku
    clap one's hands
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "叩く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
叩く [hàtáꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 叩け [hàtáꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 叩かれる たかれ [hàtákáréꜜrù]
Causative 叩かせる たかせ [hàtákáséꜜrù]
Potential 叩ける たけ [hàtákéꜜrù]
Volitional 叩こう たこ [hàtákóꜜò]
Negative 叩かない たかない [hàtákáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 叩かなかった たかなかった [hàtákáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 叩きます たきま [hàtákímáꜜsù]
Perfective 叩いた いた [hàtáꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 叩いて いて [hàtáꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 叩けば けば [hàtáꜜkèbà]

Verb[edit]

叩く (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana はたく, rōmaji hataku)

  1. use up money
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN