زدن

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See also: ردن

Arabic[edit]

Verb[edit]

زِدْنَ (zidna) (form I)

  1. second-person feminine plural active imperative of زَادَ (zāda)
  2. third-person feminine plural past active of زَادَ (zāda)
  3. third-person feminine plural past passive of زَادَ (zāda)

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (MHYTWN-n /zadan/) (root [script needed] (zn- /zan-/)), from Old Persian 𐎩𐎫𐎡𐎹 (j-t-i-y /jaⁿtiy/, to strike, defeat) (root [Term?] (/ja(n)-/)), from Proto-Iranian *ǰántī, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ǰʰánti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰénti (to slay, strike).[1] Cognate with Younger Avestan 𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬧𐬙𐬌 (jaiṇti), Sanskrit हन्ति (hánti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Dari Persian زدن
Iranian Persian زدن
Tajiki Persian задан (zadan)

Verb[edit]

زدن (zadan) (present stem ﺯن (zan))

  1. to beat, hit, strike
  2. to play (an instrument)
    من پیانو می‌زنم و دوست من گیتار می‌زند.‎(more literary)
    man piyâno mi-zanam va dust-e man gitâr mi-zanad.
    من پیانو می‌زنم و دوستم گیتار می‌زنه.‎(more colloquial)
    man piyâno mi-zanam o dustam gitâr mi-zane.
    I play piano and my friend plays guitar.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*ǰan”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 224