جراب

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown, a culture-word interrelated with Persian جوراب(jôrâb, sock) with a disputed direction of borrowings. Cognate to Aramaic גְּרַב(gəraḇ), גַּרְבָּא(garbā), Classical Syriac ܓܪܳܒܳܐ(gərāḇā, skin bottle), Late Babylonian 𒄖𒊏𒁍 (/gurābu/, bag; bag around a jug), Ge'ez ግራብ (gərab, skin bottle), Amharic ጊርባ (girba, container for water or honey made from skin). Arabic has the word in other shapes قِرْبَة(qirba) and قِرَاب(qirāb); see also جَوْرَب(jawrab).

Noun[edit]

جِرَاب (jirābm (plural جُرُب(jurub) or أَجْرِبَة(ʾajriba))

  1. pouch, sack, sheath, holster etc.
  2. pod (of plant-seeds)
  3. scrotum
  4. omasum, psalterium, the third compartment of the stomach of a ruminant
    Synonym: أُمّ التَلَافِيف(ʾumm at-talāfīf)
    Coordinate terms: كَرِش(kariš) (rumen), قَلَنْسُوَة(qalansuwa) (reticulum), إِنْفَحَة(ʾinfaḥa) (abomasum)
  5. marsupial
    Synonym: جِرَابِيّ(jirābiyy)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

جُرَاب (jurābm (plural جُرَابَات(jurābāt))

  1. alternative form of جَوْرَب(jawrab)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • grb”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “جراب”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 181
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “قراب”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 323
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 64
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 81
  • Freytag, Georg (1830) , “جراب”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 261
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “جراب”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 174