exemplum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin exemplum ‎(example).

Noun[edit]

exemplum ‎(plural exempla)

  1. An example.
  2. A story demonstrating a moral point; a parable.
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p. 90:
      In the Middle Ages preachers had enlivened their sermons with exempla – edifying tales of judgements upon sinners and mercies shown to the pious.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Similar formation as exēmptus, perfect passive participle of eximō ‎(take out, take away)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

exemplum n ‎(genitive exemplī); second declension

  1. a sample
  2. an example
  3. a copy or transcript

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative exemplum exempla
genitive exemplī exemplōrum
dative exemplō exemplīs
accusative exemplum exempla
ablative exemplō exemplīs
vocative exemplum exempla

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • exemplum” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • exemplum” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a good,[1] brilliant example; a striking example: exemplum clarum, praeclarum
    • a good, brilliant example; a striking example: exemplum luculentum
    • a good, brilliant example; a striking example: exemplum illustre
    • a weighty example, precedent: exemplum magnum, grande
    • to quote an example: exemplum afferre
    • to quote an example: exemplo uti
    • to cite a person or a thing as an example: aliquem (aliquid) exempli causa ponere, proferre, nominare, commemorare
    • to quote precedents for a thing: aliquid exemplis probare, comprobare, confirmare
    • to demonstrate by instances: aliquid exemplis ostendere
    • to borrow instances from history: exempla petere, repetere a rerum gestarum memoria or historiarum (annalium, rerum gestarum) monumentis
    • examples taken from Roman (Greek) history: exempla a rerum Romanarum (Graecarum) memoria petita
    • to collect, accumulate instances: multa exempla in unum (locum) colligere
    • to choose one from a large number of instances: ex infinita exemplorum copia unum (pauca) sumere, decerpere (eligere)
    • to quote Socrates as a model of virtue: a Socrate exemplum virtutis petere, repetere
    • standard and pattern: auctoritas et exemplum (Balb. 13. 31)
    • to set up some one as one's ideal, model: sibi exemplum alicuius proponere ad imitandum or simply sibi aliquem ad imitandum proponere
    • to take a lesson from some one's example: sibi exemplum sumere ex aliquo or exemplum capere de aliquo
    • to shape one's conduct after another's model: ad exemplum alicuius se conformare
    • to set an example: exemplum edere, prodere
    • to set an example: exemplo esse
    • to inflict an exemplary punishment on some one: exemplum in aliquo or in aliquem statuere
    • to inflict an exemplary punishment on some one: exemplum (severitatis) edere in aliquo (Q. Fr. 1. 2. 2. 5)
    • the text of the author (not textus): verba, oratio, exemplum scriptoris
    • a letter, the tenor of which is..: litterae hoc exemplo (Att. 9. 6. 3)