morbus

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See also: Morbus

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *mer- ‎(to die), the same root of mori ‎(to die).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

morbus m ‎(genitive morbī); second declension

  1. (of the body or mind) A disease, sickness, disorder, distemper, ailment, illness, malady.
  2. (of the mind) A fault, vice, failing.
  3. (of the mind) Sorrow, grief, distress.
  4. death (prima morbi accessione, at the first approach of death)

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative morbus morbī
genitive morbī morbōrum
dative morbō morbīs
accusative morbum morbōs
ablative morbō morbīs
vocative morbe morbī

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • morbus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • morbus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • MORBUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • morbus in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • he fell ill: in morbum incidit
    • to be attacked by disease: morbo tentari or corripi
    • to be laid on a bed of sickness: morbo afflīgi
    • to be seriously ill: gravi morbo affectum esse, conflictari, vexari
    • the disease gets worse: morbus ingravescit
    • to be carried off by a disease: morbo absūmi (Sall. Iug. 5. 6)
    • to recover from a disease: ex morbo convalescere (not reconvalescere)
    • to recruit oneself after a severe illness: e gravi morbo recreari or se colligere
    • to excuse oneself on the score of health: valetudinem (morbum) excusare (Liv. 6. 22. 7)
    • to die a natural death: morbo perire, absūmi, consūmi
    • to pretend to be ill: simulare morbum
    • to pretend not to be ill: dissimulare morbum
    • to plead ill-health as an excuse for absence: excusare morbum, valetudinem