πτῶσις

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From πῑ́πτω (pī́ptō, I fall) +‎ -σῐς (-sis).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

πτῶσῐς (ptôsisf (genitive πτώσεως); third declension

  1. falling, a fall
    • 380 BCE, Plato, The Republic 604c
      ὥσπερ ἐν πτώσει κύβων
      hṓsper en ptṓsei kúbōn
      as it were in the fall of the dice
  2. (grammar) case
  3. (grammar) inflection
    • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Poetics 1457a.18
      τὸ γὰρ ἐβάδισεν; ἢ βάδιζε πτῶσις ῥήματος κατὰ ταῦτα τὰ εἴδη ἐστίν.
      tò gàr ebádisen? ḕ bádize ptôsis rhḗmatos katà taûta tà eídē estín.
      "Walked" and "Walk!" are verbal conjugations of this kind.
  4. arrangement of terms in a syllogism

Inflection[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]