πτῶσις

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From πῑ́πτω (pī́ptō, I fall) +‎ -σῐς (-sis).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ptɔ̂ː.sis/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpto.sis/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈpto.sis/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈpto.sis/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈpto.sis/
  • Noun[edit]

    πτῶσῐς (ptôsisf (genitive πτώσεως); third declension

    1. falling, a fall
      • 380 BCE, Plato, The Republic 604c
        ὥσπερ ἐν πτώσει κύβων
        hṓsper en ptṓsei kúbōn
        as it were in the fall of the dice
    2. (grammar) case
    3. (grammar) inflection
      • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Poetics 1457a.18
        τὸ γὰρ ἐβάδισεν; ἢ βάδιζε πτῶσις ῥήματος κατὰ ταῦτα τὰ εἴδη ἐστίν.
        tò gàr ebádisen? ḕ bádize ptôsis rhḗmatos katà taûta tà eídē estín.
        "Walked" and "Walk!" are verbal conjugations of this kind.
    4. arrangement of terms in a syllogism

    Inflection[edit]

    Hyponyms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]