leath

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish leth (side), from Proto-Celtic *letos, perhaps cognate with Latin latus (side), or from Proto-Celtic *ɸletos.[1]

Celtic cognates include Welsh lled (breadth, width, half), Middle Breton let, led (large), and Cornish les.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

leath f (genitive singular leithe, nominative plural leatha)

  1. side; part, direction
  2. half; part, portion
    Is fearr leath ná meath.‎ ― Something is better than nothing.
    —Proverb

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

leath (present analytic leathann, future analytic leathfaidh, verbal noun leathadh, past participle leata) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. disperse, spread, cover
  2. open wide, expand
  3. become confused, indistinct
  4. perish
  5. (literary) halve, divide, split (in half); diminish

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*letos”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 238-239
  • leth” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “leaṫ” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "leath" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.