In Florio’s A World of Words 1598 as opale, from French opale, from Latin opalus, from Byzantine Greek ὀπάλλιος (opállios), from Sanskrit उपल (upala, “gem, stone”), from उपरि (upári, “the upper millstone”)..
opal (plural opals)
- (mineralogy) A mineral consisting, like quartz, of silica, but inferior to quartz in hardness and specific gravity, of the chemical formula SiO2·nH2O.
- 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 128:
- Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are […] . (Common gem materials not addressed in this article include amber, amethyst, chalcedony, garnet, lazurite, malachite, opals, peridot, rhodonite, spinel, tourmaline, turquoise and zircon.)
- (biology, genetics, biochemistry) A colloquial name used in molecular biology referring to a particular stop codon sequence, "UGA."
- Any of various lycaenid butterflies of the genus Nesolycaena.
- “Opal” in David Barthelmy, Webmineral Mineralogy Database, 1997–.
- “opal”, in Mindat.org, Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2020.
- ^ Chambers Dictionary of Etymology, Robert K. Barnhart (ed.), Chambers, 1988
- Hyphenation: o‧pal
opal m inan
- (adjective) opalowy
See the etymology of the main entry.
- opal in Polish dictionaries at PWN