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Of unknown origin.[1]




  1. (transitive) to break
  2. (intransitive) to strive for something (-ra/-re)
    • 1832 (original), 1942 (translation), Goethe, Faust, translation by Zoltán Jékely:
      Kicsoda vagy tehát? / Az erő része, mely / örökké rosszra tör, s örökké jót mível.
      Who art thou, then? / Part of that Power, not understood, / Which always wills the Bad, and always works the Good.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This verb is a member of one of those (few) quasi-homonymous verb pairs that exist both with and without an -ik ending. All suffixed forms of these pairs are identical (sometimes they can even have derived forms that coincide), with the exception of their dictionary form (the third-person singular indicative present, with or without -ik), the transitive forms if one of them is transitive (if either, it is the one without -ik) as well as an optional first-person singular indicative present indefinite form of the -ik verb. However, the meaning of these pairs is often unrelated. Examples include bánbánik, (el)vesz(el)veszik, érérik, nyúlnyúlik, (meg)bíz(meg)bízik and törtörik (the latter two pairs with related meanings; tör[ik] along with their verbal prefixes). Therefore one may well need to check the context and the verb arguments to ascertain which member of the verb pair is relevant.


Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):



  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN