Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/medvědь

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *medu-ēdis, equivalent to *medъ (honey) +‎ *(j)ěsti (to eat), hence literally the epithet "honey-eater". Cognate with Sanskrit मध्वद् (madhuv-ád-, eating sweetness) (RV I 164,22). Presumably came into use as taboo avoidance of an earlier word, possibly something like *rьstъ (compare Lithuanian irštvà (bear's den), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos).

There is a folk etymology from *medъ and *věděti (to know, to manage), hence "one who knows honey" or "honey master".

Noun[edit]

*medvě̀dь m

  1. bear

Declension[edit]

Reconstructed as a jo-stem in Derksen 2008, since no descendants reflect an i-stem. But may have originally been an i-stem based on the lack of iotation of the final *d.

Descendants[edit]

  • Non-Slavic languages:

References[edit]

  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “медве́дь”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 519
  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*medvě̀dь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 306
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “медве́дь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1992), “*medvědь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 18, Moscow: Nauka, page 65