olc

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See also: OLC and ölç

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish olc, from Proto-Celtic *ulkos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

olc m (genitive singular oilc, nominative plural oilc)

  1. evil
  2. bad (in the world; of people, things)
  3. misfortune
  4. grudge

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

olc (genitive singular masculine oilc, genitive singular feminine oilce, plural olca, comparative measa)

  1. bad, evil
  2. unfortunate
  3. wicked

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
olc n-olc holc not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ulkos, of uncertain etymology. May be related to Latin ulcus and English ill. Alternatively, it may be from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos (wolf), although there are considerable phonological and semantic difficulties with this etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

olc (comparative messa, superlative mesam)

  1. bad, evil

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: olc
  • Manx: olk
  • Scottish Gaelic: olc

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
olc unchanged n-olc
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “olc”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish olc, from Proto-Celtic *ulkos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

olc m (genitive uilc, plural uilc)

  1. evil, wickedness
    Nar fhaiceam olc, nar chluinneam olc, nar labhram olc.See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil.
    Chan eil cleith air an olc ach gun a dhèanamh.The only way to conceal evil is not to commit it.
  2. harm, hurt
  3. infamy, mischief, wrongdoing

Adjective[edit]

olc (comparative miosa)

  1. evil, wicked, bad
    'S olc an comharradh air a' chreig na h-eòin a bhith a' falbh aisteIt's a bad sign on the rock for the birds to go away.
  2. infamous, untoward, reprobate

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
olc n-olc h-olc t-olc
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.