olc

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See also: ölç

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish olc, from Proto-Celtic *ulkos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

olc m (genitive singular oilc, nominative plural oilc)

  1. evil
  2. bad (in the world; of people, things)
  3. misfortune

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

olc (genitive singular masculine oilc, genitive singular feminine oilce, plural olca, comparative measa)

  1. bad, evil
  2. unfortunate
  3. wicked

Usage notes[edit]

Takes the adverbial construction go holc when used predicatively after a form of :

  • Bhí a mháthair go holc.
    His mother was wicked.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
olc n-olc holc unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ulkos, of uncertain etymology. May be related to Latin ulcus and English ill. Alternatively, it may be from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos (wolf), although there are considerable phonological and semantic difficulties with this etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

olc (comparative messa)

  1. bad, evil

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: olc
  • Scottish Gaelic: olc

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
olc unchanged n-olc
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish olc, from Proto-Celtic *ulkos.

Noun[edit]

olc m (genitive uilc)

  1. evil, wickedness
  2. harm, hurt
  3. infamy, mischief, wrongdoing

Adjective[edit]

olc (comparative miosa)

  1. evil, wicked, bad
  2. infamous, untoward, reprobate

Synonyms[edit]