droch-

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: droch

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish droch (bad), from Proto-Celtic *drukos. Cognates include Welsh drwg, Breton drog, Scottish Gaelic droch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

droch-

  1. bad
  2. ill-, mal-

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Irish, this affix acts both as a adjectival prefix (creating adjectives) and as an adjectival (modifying nouns). It lenites the word to which it attaches:
    droch- + ‎duine (person) → ‎drochdhuine (bad person)
    droch- + ‎focal (word) → ‎drochfhocal (bad word)
  • It is written without a hyphen except for words beginning with ch:
    droch- + ‎croí (heart) → ‎droch-chroí (weak heart; evil disposition, ill will)
    droch- + ‎cumann (friendship, love; companionship, company) → ‎droch-chumann (bad companionship, evil association, illicit love)

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
droch- dhroch- ndroch-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "droch-" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 droch” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.