droch-

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See also: droch

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish droch(bad), from Proto-Celtic *drukos. Cognates include Welsh drwg, Breton drog, Scottish Gaelic droch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

droch-

  1. bad
  2. ill-, mal-

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Irish, this affix acts both as a adjectival prefix (creating adjectives) and as an adjectival (modifying nouns). It lenites the word to which it attaches:
    droch- + ‎duine(person) → ‎drochdhuine(bad person)
    droch- + ‎focal(word) → ‎drochfhocal(bad word)
  • It is written without a hyphen except for words beginning with ch:
    droch- + ‎croí(heart) → ‎droch-chroí(weak heart; evil disposition, ill will)
    droch- + ‎cumann(friendship, love; companionship, company) → ‎droch-chumann(bad companionship, evil association, illicit love)

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
droch- dhroch- ndroch-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

External links[edit]

  • "droch-" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 droch” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.