muna

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See also: muña, mũna, and mʉna

Bikol Central[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Tagalog muna.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: mu‧na
  • IPA(key): /ˈmuʔna/ (Naga, Tabaco, Legazpi)
  • IPA(key): /ˈmuna/ (Daet)

Particle[edit]

mûna or múna

  1. Used to indicate something to be done for a moment

Elfdalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse móna, from Proto-Germanic *mōmǭ. Cognate with Icelandic móna, Swedish muna.

Noun[edit]

muna f

  1. mother, mama

Declension[edit]


Ese[edit]

Noun[edit]

muna

  1. stone

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *muna, from Proto-Uralic *muna.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmunɑ/, [ˈmunɑ]
  • Hyphenation: mu‧na
  • Rhymes: -unɑ

Noun[edit]

muna (genitive muna, partitive muna)

  1. egg
  2. (vulgar, in the plural) balls, testicles

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse muna, from Proto-Germanic *munaną.

Verb[edit]

muna

  1. make a difference, have an impact
  2. to remember
  3. to revenge, avenge

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmunɑ/, [ˈmunɑ]
  • Rhymes: -unɑ
  • Syllabification(key): mu‧na

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *muna (egg; ? penis, testes), from Proto-Uralic *muna (egg; ? penis, testes).

Noun[edit]

muna

  1. egg
    Hyponym: kananmuna (chicken egg)
    1. ovum, egg cell
      Synonym: munasolu
    2. ovoid (something egg-shaped, used especially in compound terms with a modifier that specifies the material)
      Synonym: ovoidi
  2. (vulgar) dick (penis)
    Synonym: see Thesaurus:siitin
    1. (less vulgar, in the plural) testicle, ball
      Synonym: see kives
    2. (colloquial) guts, balls (courage)
      Synonyms: kantti, pää
      Onko sulla munaa tehdä se?
      Do you have the balls to do it?
Declension[edit]
Inflection of muna (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative muna munat
genitive munan munien
partitive munaa munia
illative munaan muniin
singular plural
nominative muna munat
accusative nom. muna munat
gen. munan
genitive munan munien
munainrare
partitive munaa munia
inessive munassa munissa
elative munasta munista
illative munaan muniin
adessive munalla munilla
ablative munalta munilta
allative munalle munille
essive munana munina
translative munaksi muniksi
instructive munin
abessive munatta munitta
comitative munineen
Possessive forms of muna (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person munani munamme
2nd person munasi munanne
3rd person munansa
Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

muna

  1. (colloquial) Essive form of .
    Synonym: minuna (standard language)

Anagrams[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

muna

  1. Romanization of 𐌼𐌿𐌽𐌰

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse muna, from Proto-Germanic *munaną. Cognate with Faroese muna & English mind.

Verb[edit]

muna (preterite-present verb, third-person singular present indicative man, third-person singular past indicative mundi, supine munað)

  1. (transitive, with accusative) to remember
    Ég man ekki hvað hann heitir.
    I can’t remember what his name is.
    Ég man ekki.
    I can’t remember.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Related to munur (difference).

Verb[edit]

muna (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative munaði, supine munað)

  1. (impersonal, with dative) to differ (by a certain margin)
  2. (impersonal) to make a difference (used with the preposition um + the thing that makes a difference)
Conjugation[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Muna (1).
Muna (3).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *muna, from Proto-Uralic *muna. Cognates include Finnish muna and Estonian muna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

muna

  1. egg
  2. testicle
  3. bun (female hairstyle)
  4. Synonym of muhku
  5. Short for maamuna.
    • 1936, V. I. Junus; P. L. Maksimov, Inkeroisin keelen oppikirja alkuşkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 8:
      Kolhosaas kaivetaa munnaa.
      In the kolkhoz potatoes are harvested.

Declension[edit]

Declension of muna (type 3/koira, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative muna munat
genitive munan munniin
partitive munnaa munnia
illative munnaa munnii
inessive munas munis
elative munast munist
allative munalle munille
adessive munal munil
ablative munalt munilt
translative munaks muniks
essive munanna, munnaan muninna, munniin
exessive1) munant munint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 318
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[1], →ISBN, page 73

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

muna

  1. Alternative form of mura

Particle[edit]

muna (copular form used before consonants, form used before vowels munab)

  1. Alternative form of mura

Further reading[edit]

  • Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977), “muna”, in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, Dublin: An Gúm, →ISBN
  • Entries containing “muna” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *muna, from Proto-Uralic *muna.

Noun[edit]

muna

  1. egg

Ludian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *muna, from Proto-Uralic *muna.

Noun[edit]

muna

  1. egg

Maquiritari[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

muna

  1. the boto or Amazon River dolphin, Inia geoffrensis

References[edit]

  • Alberto Rodriguez, Nalúa Rosa Silva Monterrey, Hernán Castellanos, et al., editors (2012), “muna”, in Ye’kwana-Sanema Nüchü’tammeküdü Medewadinña Tüwötö’se’totojo [Guidelines for the management of the Ye’kwana and Sanema territories in the Caura River basin in Venezuela] (in Maquiritari and Spanish), Forest Peoples Programme, →ISBN, page 125
  • Lauer, Matthew Taylor (2005) Fertility in Amazonia: Indigenous Concepts of the Human Reproductive Process Among the Ye’kwana of Southern Venezuela[2], Santa Barbara: University of California, page 189

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse munu.

Verb[edit]

muna (present tense mun, past tense munde, past participle munt, imperative mun)

  1. (archaic) to be feasable or possible

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *munaną (to think, consider, remember), from Proto-Indo-European *men- (to think). Cognate with Old English ġemunan, Old Saxon munan, Old High German munan, Gothic 𐌼𐌿𐌽𐌰𐌽 (munan).

Verb[edit]

muna (singular past indicative mundi, plural past indicative mundu, past participle munaðr)

  1. to remember
    • Vǫluspá, verse 2, lines 1-2, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 1:
      Ek man jötna / ár um borna, []
      I remember giants / born long ago, []

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Faroese: muna
  • Icelandic: muna

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • muna”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

muna

  1. inflection of munir:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

muna

  1. inflection of munir:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ma- +‎ una.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: mu‧na
  • IPA(key): /ˈmuna/, [ˈmu.nɐ]

Particle[edit]

múna

  1. for a while; for a moment; for the time being; a minute (when the nature of the anticipated change is not expressed)
    Puwede bang tumayo ka muna?
    Can you stand up for a while?
    Teka muna.
    Wait a minute.
  2. first (when the nature of the anticipated change is expressed or clearly implied)
    Bago siya nag-aral ng leksiyon, nagbabasa muna siya ng diyaryo.
    Before studying his lessons, he reads the newspapers first.
  3. yet (used after negative imperatives and hortatives)
    Huwag ka munang kumain.
    Don't eat yet.
    Huwag muna tayong umalis.
    Let's not leave yet.

Further reading[edit]

  • muna”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila: Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino, 2018
  • Schachter, Paul; Otanes, Fe T. (1972) A Tagalog Reference Grammar, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, →ISBN, page 424

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *muna, from Proto-Uralic *muna.

Noun[edit]

muna

  1. egg

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of muna (inflection type 6/kuva)
nominative sing. muna
genitive sing. munan
partitive sing. munad
partitive plur. munid
singular plural
nominative muna munad
accusative munan munad
genitive munan muniden
partitive munad munid
essive-instructive munan munin
translative munaks munikš
inessive munas muniš
elative munaspäi munišpäi
illative munaha munihe
adessive munal munil
ablative munalpäi munilpäi
allative munale munile
abessive munata munita
comitative munanke munidenke
prolative munadme munidme
approximative I munanno munidenno
approximative II munannoks munidennoks
egressive munannopäi munidennopäi
terminative I munahasai munihesai
terminative II munalesai munilesai
terminative III munassai
additive I munahapäi munihepäi
additive II munalepäi munilepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “яйцо”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *muna, from Proto-Uralic *muna.

Noun[edit]

muna (genitive muna, partitive munna)

  1. egg

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *muna, from Proto-Uralic *muna.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈmunɑ/, [ˈmunɑ]
  • Rhymes: -unɑ
  • Hyphenation: mu‧na

Noun[edit]

muna

  1. egg

Inflection[edit]

Declension of muna (type V/poikõ, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative muna munad
genitive muna munije, munijõ, muni
partitive munna munitõ, muni
illative munna, munnasõ munije, munijõ, munisõ
inessive munaz muniz
elative munassõ munissõ
allative munalõ munilõ
adessive munallõ munillõ
ablative munaltõ muniltõ
translative munassi munissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[3], 2 edition, Tallinn