硝子

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 1
Irregular

From Dutch glas.[1][2] The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

硝子 ‎(katakana ガラス, romaji garasu)

  1. ガラス: glass (the material)
Usage notes[edit]

The kanji form is usually read as ガラス, but is sometimes read as しょうし. The katakana form ガラス is more common.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: S

Grade: 1
on'yomi

Appears to be a coinage in Japan from Middle Chinese-derived elements, as a compound of (shō, saltpeter; niter) +‎ (shi, diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

硝子 ‎(hiragana しょうし, romaji shōshi, historical hiragana せうし)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) glass (the material)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3