硝子

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Chinese[edit]

saltpeter; to tan (leather)
 
child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 p.m.-1 a.m.; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
simp. and trad.
(硝子)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

硝子

  1. (literary, obsolete) artificial crystal

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
がら
Grade: S

Grade: 1
Irregular

Borrowing from Dutch glas.[1][2] The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓).

Noun[edit]

硝子 (katakana ガラス, rōmaji garasu)

  1. Alternative spelling of ガラス (glass)
Usage notes[edit]

The kanji form is usually read as ガラス (garasu), but is sometimes read as しょうし (shōshi). The katakana form ガラス is more common.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: S

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Appears to be a coinage in Japan from Middle Chinese-derived elements, as a compound of (shō, saltpeter; niter) +‎ (shi, diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

硝子 (hiragana しょうし, rōmaji shōshi, historical hiragana せうし)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) glass (substance)
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9