cristal

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See also: Cristal

English

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Adjective

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cristal (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy) Relating to a crest.

Derived terms

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Noun

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cristal (countable and uncountable, plural cristals)

  1. Obsolete form of crystal.

Anagrams

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Asturian

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Noun

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cristal m (uncountable)

  1. glass (substance)

Synonyms

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French

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /kʁis.tal/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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cristal m (plural cristaux)

  1. crystal

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Romanian: cristal
  • Turkish: kristal

Further reading

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Galician

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Etymology

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From Old Galician-Portuguese cristal (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin crystallum (crystal, ice), from Ancient Greek κρύσταλλος (krústallos, clear ice), from κρύος (krúos, frost).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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cristal m (plural cristais)

  1. crystal
    • 1370, R. Lorenzo, editor, Crónica troiana, A Coruña: Fundación Barrié, page 436:
      os nomes delas son estes: carbũcolo, sardis, cafil, amatista, berilo, topás, crisólitos, esmeralda, brasmo, rrobj́, calçedonja, cristal
      the names of them are these: carbuncle, sard, sapphire, amethyst, beryl, topaz, chrysolite, emerald, [green quartz], ruby, chalcedony, crystal
  2. quartz stone
    • 1348, A. López Ferreiro, editor, Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática, Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 152:
      huas contas huun calçadonyo et trage hua pedrelina preta que trage figura d'angeo engastoada en prata por sinal que andan en liña branqua et andan y cubellas de prata et moytos esterliins por sinal que andan y pedra cristal rredonda moy crara.
      some bead; a chalcedony; and brings a black stone that brings the figure of an angel set in silver, as a signal, that are in a white cord; and there are some silver cups and many sterlings as a signal, and there is a round and very clear quartz stone
  3. glass (substance)
    Synonym: vidro
  4. glaze
    Synonym: lazo
  5. ice formed on the surface of a pool or a river
    Synonym: lazo
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References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “cristal”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “cristal”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • cristal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • cristal” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cristal” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Old French

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Noun

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cristal oblique singularm (oblique plural cristaus or cristax or cristals, nominative singular cristaus or cristax or cristals, nominative plural cristal)

  1. crystal

Descendants

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Old Spanish

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Etymology

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From Latin crystallum, from Ancient Greek κρύσταλλος (krústallos, ice).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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cristal m (plural cristales)

  1. crystal, glass
    • c. 1200, Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 19r:
      […] &́ vieron la gĺa de iſŕl dedios. Como huebra de blácor. &́ de cristal. ⁊ como color de los cielos módos […]
      […] and they saw the glory of the God of Israel, like a work of white and crystal, and like the color of realm of the heavens. […]

Descendants

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Portuguese

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 cristal on Portuguese Wikipedia
cristal

Etymology

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Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese cristal, crestal, from Latin crystallum (crystal, ice), from Ancient Greek κρύσταλλος (krústallos, clear ice), from κρύος (krúos, frost), from Proto-Indo-European *krus-, *kru- (hard, hard outer surface, crust).

Pronunciation

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  • Rhymes: -al, -aw
  • Hyphenation: cris‧tal

Noun

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cristal m (plural cristais)

  1. crystal
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Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French cristal, from Latin crystallus.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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cristal n (uncountable)

  1. crystal

Declension

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Spanish

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Spanish cristal, from Latin crystallum, from Ancient Greek κρύσταλλος (krústallos, ice).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /kɾisˈtal/ [kɾisˈt̪al]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: cris‧tal

Noun

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cristal m (plural cristales)

  1. crystal
  2. glass, glassware
    Synonym: vidrio
  3. window pane
  4. (slang) methamphetamine hydrochloride

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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