downcast

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English *doun-casten, *adoun-casten (inferred from Middle English adoun-casting (downcasting), adoun-cast (overthrow, destruction)), modelled similarly to other constructions in Middle English (namely, Middle English adoun-throwen (to throw down), adoun-werpen (to throw down)), equivalent to down- +‎ cast.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (adjective, noun) IPA(key): /ˈdaʊnkæst/, /ˈdaʊnkɑːst/
    • (file)
  • (verb) IPA(key): /daʊnˈkæst/, /daʊnˈkɑːst/

Adjective[edit]

downcast (comparative more downcast, superlative most downcast)

  1. (of eyes) Looking downwards.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      'Tis love, said she; and then my downcast eyes, / And guilty dumbness, witnessed my surprise.
  2. (of a person) Feeling despondent.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

downcast (plural downcasts)

  1. (computing) A cast from supertype to subtype.
  2. (obsolete) A melancholy look.
    • (Can we date this quote by Beaumont and Fletcher and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      That downcast of thine eye.
  3. (mining) A ventilating shaft down which the air passes in circulating through a mine.

Verb[edit]

downcast (third-person singular simple present downcasts, present participle downcasting, simple past and past participle downcast or downcasted)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To cast or throw down; to turn downward.
  2. (transitive, Scotland) To taunt; to reproach; to upbraid.
  3. (transitive, computing) To cast from supertype to subtype.
    Antonym: upcast

Anagrams[edit]